Agriculture, Science and Technology Courses
- FFA. To be part of the FFA, students are required to elect at least one agriculture course each year. Leadership training, public speaking and other life skills gained in the FFA prepare students for post high school experiences. The FFA meets during the co-curricular periods. Students in grade 9 should enroll in Environmental Science first semester and Ag Business Economics I second semester. Independent Study Agr. is offered for most courses in cases where it is impossible for students to schedule an Ag course to meet FFA credit
- Forestry and Environment. Students learn to identify many of the trees common to the northeastern United States. This course includes units on multiple uses of the forest such as lumber, energy, wildlife, conservation and reforestation. Students will also contribute to the preservation of the environment. This course may count as 0.5 Science credit. First semester for grades 9-12.
- Wildlife And Fisheries Science. Students will learn about the different aspects and career opportunities of wildlife and fisheries management and natural resource conservation. This course will include units on identification, habitat management and small mammal study. Outdoor activities and studies will use the campus woodlands and aquatic areas as an outdoor lab. The course may count as 0.5 science credit. First or second semester for grades 10-12.
- Animal Biotechnology (veterinary and animal production). Students explore practical aspects of animal reproduction, nutrition and health. (Units include dairy, swine, beef and horses.) This course provides an excellent foundation for agri-business careers, farmers and introductory vet-science for college freshmen. This course may count as 0.5 Science credit. First or second semester for grades 9 12.
- Construction Technology. Students learn the basics of electrical wiring, plumbing and masonry. Students order material for a utility shed, lay out a floor plan and design simple roof trusses. Students also construct one or more storage type buildings. Students will pay for parts, materials used, as well as a small deposit for safety equipment. First or second semester for grades 11-12.
- Power Technology - Small Engines. This course provides students with an excellent theoretical and practical background in operating, maintaining, trouble shooting and repairing of small gasoline engines. Anyone planning to own a car or other motorized equipment will benefit from this course. Students will pay for parts, materials used, as well as a deposit for safety equipment. This course counts as 0.5 science credit. First semester for grades 9-12.
- Horticulture. Students learn knowledge and skills involved with greenhouse management, plant propagation, integrated pest management (IPM) and landscape work. The landscape component may include developing a landscape plan. This course involves many hands-on lab activities, and during spring weather, students work outdoors in practical landscape care. This course counts as 0.5 science credit. Second semester for all grades.
- Welding And Mechanics Technology. Emphasis is on modern processes of joining and separating steel, sheet metal, etc. Skills are learned using the arc welder, plasma cutter, mig welder, assembly and equipment restoration. Student projects include steel fabrication, tractor restoration and large engines. Students will pay for parts, materials used, as well as a deposit for safety equipment. Students interested in advanced welding training should plan to take both semesters. First or second semester for grades 11-12.
- Introduction to Ag Science. A leadership class for beginning FFA members where students learn management entrepreneurship, record keeping and other skills required for success in the FFA and in future business operations. The impact of Pennsylvania’s agricultural commodities in the global marketplace will be taught through team projects. Highly recommended for first year FFA members. This course may count as 0.5 Global Studies credit. Second semester for grades 9-10 and other first year FFA members with FFA advisor approval.
- Ag Business Economics. Economic principles are taught in an atmosphere of discussion. Classroom projects that simulate real-life situations encourage students to explore management strategies that maximize profits. Students learn how to manage credit for personal and business purposes. Meets requirements for Economics in the Social Studies department. First semester for grades 11-12.
- Artbeat. An excellent foundation for all the other art electives, this course focuses on what art is and why people create it. Students work with a variety of media and techniques, including drawing, painting, sculpting and working with clay. Weekly lessons in art history help students appreciate a wide variety of art and artists. First semester for grades 9-12.
- Drawing. Emphasis is on learning to see. Basic drawing skills are developed along with experiments utilizing many techniques (contour, gesture, value) and media (pen and ink, brush, conte', charcoal, scratch board). Daily sketchbook assignments focus on development of specific drawing skills. Prerequisite: Artbeat or equivalent. Second semester for grades 9-12.
- Painting. This studio course provides experience in acrylic and watercolor painting. Emphasis is on color theory and the elements and principles of design. Students will experiment with unusual materials (sand, salt, rice paper), colors and textures to enhance their paintings. Prerequisite: Drawing or instructor's permission. Second semester for grades 10-12. (Lab fee $25)
- Two-Dimensional Design. Learn to use the elements and principles of design to create exciting two-dimensional art work. Students will experiment with many techniques and media (pen and ink, colored pencils, acrylic paints, pastels and more). Units in basic design, printmaking and commercial art (typography and lay-out) are included in this studio course. Prerequisite: Artbeat or equivalent. First semester for grades 9-12.
- Sculptural Design. Learning to use the elements and principles of design in their projects, students create three-dimensional forms in a variety of media, including wire, plaster, stone, clay and found objects. Weekly studies in art history focus on the prehistoric to modern art periods. Prerequisite: Artbeat or equivalent. First semester for grades 9-12.
- Art in Action. Students put their artistic skills to active use beyond the classroom. Students will produce art with practical applications such as murals, illustration for publication, program covers, arts in chapel, public art and others. Group and individual projects may integrate art with skills from other disciplines. Emphasis on good design, excellent craftsmanship, communicating positive values, exploring career options and service to school and community. Prerequisite: Artbeat or equivalent. Second semester for grades 9-12 in alternate years. Offered 2017-2018
- Ceramics. Hand-building techniques and wheel-throwing skills are the focus of this course. Works by master potters and crafts persons are studied in conjunction with student projects. Both functional and sculptural/design assignments provide a wide range of experience in clay. Prerequisite: Artbeat or equivalent. Second semester for grades 9-12 (Lab fee $30)
- Advanced Studio. Students will study their choice of drawing, painting, or three-dimensional design by following Advanced Placement Portfolio Guidelines. Course work combines art theory (self-paced study), sketchbook assignments, discussions and independent projects. Prerequisite: Normally students follow the sequence of taking Artbeat, Drawing and Painting or 2-D or 3-D, but they can enroll with special permission from an art instructor. First or second semester for grades 11-12. (Lab fee $25 per semester)
- Introduction to Photography (Silver-based and digital). This course is an introduction to the field of Photography, both “classic” photography (film cameras, silver-based technology, wet darkroom, black-and-white photographs) and digital photography (computer “darkroom,” Photoshop, output to the web and to paper prints). Students learn to use their cameras better, to take more interesting, better-designed photographs, and to work with silver and digital methods for doing photography. Students must have access to a 35mm film camera capable of being used manually (LMH has film cameras for rent if necessary) and a digital camera. An excellent foundation for all other photography classes. ($75 lab fee) Required for student publication photographers. First or second semester for grades 9-12.
- Photography II (Silver-based). This course emphasizes broadening and deepening photographic skills for students who love working in a traditional darkroom. Students explore creative use of camera controls, existing and studio lighting, flash techniques, the history of photography and principles of good composition. Class members make portraits, learn special darkroom techniques and become “master printers". The class also chooses from a variety of projects, which often include photographing with antique cameras, hand coloring photographs, doing pinhole photography, completing a color photography project and more. Prerequisite: Grade "B-" or higher in Photography I. First or second semester for grades 10-12. (Lab fee $100)
- Digital Photography. Students continue making photographs, learning to use all the capabilities of their cameras, and improving the design of their images. Emphasis is on learning to use digital cameras, scanners, Photoshop and desktop printers for doing photography as well as continuing to develop “a photographic eye”. Class members sharpen their basic image editing (Photoshop) skills, as well as learn more advanced Photoshop tools such as curves, layers and masks. Ethical issues relating to digital imagery are explored. The course affords students the opportunity to do color photography, and helps students get started in photojournalism, commercial photography and fine art photography directions. Students must have access to a digital still camera capable of making images of at least 5-6 megapixels. Highly recommended for student publications photographers. Prerequisite: Grade "B-" or higher in Photography I. First or second semester for grades 9-12. (Lab fee $40)
- Survey of Western Art (Online dual enrollment course taught by an Eastern Mennonite University professor). This college level course is a survey approach to the history and appreciation of the Western Art that examines the ways in which religious, social, political and philosophical concepts have been expressed in art. Optional textbook: Art: A Brief History. Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for three college credits and technology. Semester course for grades 11-12.
Bible and Church History
- Introduction to Bible. This course is designed to introduce international students to the Bible. Topics include navigation of the Bible, the God of the Bible, the rise of Christianity as a religion, and the concept of Church and Christian celebrations. In this course students will learn of key stories from the Old and New Testaments. First or second semester course for first-year international students.
- Creation & Promise. In this Old Testament course students are introduced to the story of God calling out, and working with His people, from creation through the return from exile. Required. First or second semester for grade 9.
- Jesus' Story. This New Testament course focuses on the life of Christ and His mission in the world. It takes a serious look at the life and teachings of Jesus in the Gospels, how the early church lived out these teachings, and then seeks to find practical applications for Christians today. Required. First or second semester for grade 10.
- Global Christianity. This class is a study of Global Christianity from the birth of the church through the formation of Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox and other non-Western Christian faith streams, and the Reformation with an emphasis on the rise of the Anabaptist movement. This is followed by a study of the development and growth of the Anabaptist movement in North America and around the globe, other denominations, the rise of non-denominational churches and the Pentecostal movement. The class examines the current relationship between Christianity and culture, including other world religions, in settings around the world. Students are helped to understand their faith as they study Christianity in a global context. Required. First or second semester for grade 11.
- Kingdom Living. This course ties together the four years of Lancaster Mennonite School Bible curriculum. Recognizing that the Old Testament points to the coming of the Kingdom of God in Jesus, the primary emphasis is on living in the kingdom now. Special emphasis will be given to the study and practice of the spiritual disciplines. Students will be challenged to do critical Biblical thinking related to Kingdom Living in the home, church and world. The course is designed with the understanding that God calls us to be in but not of the world as the consummation of his kingdom is anticipated. Required. First or second semester for grade 12.
- Spiritual Formation (This is a dual enrollment course with Eastern Mennonite University). This course may be taken instead of Kingdom Living I and serves as an introduction to Christian Spiritual Formation, its roots in history as well as its present day implications on both a personal and communal level. It is grounded in the understanding that God is always active in our lives and in the world around us. Spiritual disciplines are one way that we open our eyes, ears and hearts to God's message for us and for the world. Looking and listening to God's movement enables us to comprehend in a deeper way what it means to be a follower of Jesus in our broken world. Lectures, readings, discussions, papers, journal entries, meeting with a spiritual companion, weekly experiences with a small group and a class retreat form the basis for mutual learning. There is a cost for the dual enrollment and retreat. First or second semester for grade 12 students with a "B" or higher average.
Business, Computer and Information Technology
- Introduction To Business. This course is a basic business course which introduces students to the world of business. Topics include the business environment, forms of business organization, management and leadership, human resources and financial management. The course meets the requirements for Economics in the Social Studies Department. First semester for grades 9-12.
- Contemporary Business (Dual enrollment course with HACC: BUSI-101-Introduction to Business). This is an on-line asynchronous course taught by an LMS teacher with HACC Adjunct Faculty status. Students will be enrolled at both HACC and LMH, registering with HACC, receiving HACC email, HACC grade, HACC credit (3) and HACC transcript. The course introduces students to the world of business. Topics include business environment, forms of business organizations, management and leadership, human resources and financial management. This course meets the requirement for Economics in the Social Studies Department. Students must pay a fee to HACC for 3 college credits and technology. . First or second semester course for grades 11-12.
- Business Math. This course will strengthen the student's everyday math skills. Students review fundamental math principles. Calculations will be learned that apply to business applications, including income, manufacturing, sales, marketing and distribution. This course may count as 0.5 math credit. First semester for grades 10-12.
- Personal Finance. Concepts of personal financial management are examined from a Christian perspective. Emphasis is placed on career choice, preparing budgets, keeping personal income and expense records, completing simple tax returns, using credit and understanding banking. Investments and risk management will be explored. This course may count as 0.5 math credit. Second semester for grades 10‐12.
- Financial Accounting. Financial accounting will introduce students to fundamental aspects of financial accounting. Students will learn to prepare accounting entries, financial statements and how to analyze the work presented. Additionally, students will be faced with real-world situations that business professionals are faced with on a daily basis. A strong emphasis will be placed on teamwork and communication skills. Yearlong course for grades 10-12.
- Business Law. The importance of business law in everyday life is emphasized and provides practical guidelines for becoming practical consumers - both now and later. Topics covered are an introduction to law, contracts, bailments, employment and property. A variety of application activities are provided to help reinforce legal principles studied. Second semester for grades 11-12.
- Entrepreneurship. This course will teach students the skills needed to establish and manage a business and the characteristics required of a successful entrepreneur. Students will study and develop a business plan. Other topics studied include marketing, distribution, promotion, selling, financial management and operations management. Second semester for grades 11-12.
Diversified Occupations and Service
- Diversified Occupations. Students will be required to be in the classroom the first few days of class to complete required paperwork. This class provides students with the opportunity to receive occupational instruction and realistic on-the-job experiences that cannot be offered in the classroom setting. Students are required to find their own employment with an employer who is willing to participate in such a program. Students are required to work at least 15 hours a week for the full semester, usually during the three afternoon classes and in many cases until 5:00 p.m. International students must have valid U.S. working papers. The students will also plan and attend a breakfast banquet for all of the employers at the end of the semester. The program is flexible to meet the needs of individual students. Second semester for grade 12.
- Career & Technology. Juniors and seniors could be eligible for part-time or full-time enrollment in certain vocational programs offered through the Lancaster County Career & Technology Center (LCCTC). A variety of programs are available related to the following fields: cosmetology, construction, technologies and visual communication. Descriptions of programs can be found on line. Career and Technology Center students will complete a project at LCCTC that will count for their senior presentation. Anyone interested should consult with their guidance counselor as early as the sophomore year to plan accordingly.
- Service. Service provides students an opportunity to help a teacher. No credit is given for this experience.
- Peer Tutoring. Students will have the opportunity to explore the teaching profession working in Learning Support or with middle school students. They will contribute to the education of individual students or small groups of students through individualization, modeling, motivation, and develop an understanding of similarities they share. Students participating in this program must have a satisfactory school conduct grade and need to be approved by the faculty member they are working with and a guidance counselor. Students should indicate their interest in Peer Tutoring on their course selection form each year. First or second semester for grades 9-12.
- Driver Education (Classroom). Driver Education classroom training is incorporated into the Health/Safety Education class.
- Driver Education (Behind-the-Wheel). This phase of driver education consists of six hours of actual behind-the-wheel instruction in the car. Instruction is available to students with learner's permits or licenses. Students are placed on a rotating schedule so that they miss a different set of classes each time they drive. Students getting their permits in May, June, or July are encouraged to contact their local public schools to get behind-the-wheel training during the summer months. Students do not register for behind-the-wheel training as a separate course. As soon as a student receives his/her learner's permit from the state, he/she shall report his/her desire for behind-the-wheel training to the school office. The fee is set annually. See Tuition and Fees.
- Foundations of English. This is a skill-building course designed to prepare students to develop the necessary literary skills to succeed in English 101, and to provide a foundation in reading level development, vocabulary building, writing and editing strategies and study skills. Students may only take this course upon the recommendation of Learning Support, Guidance or the teacher. Yearlong course.
- English 101. Writing, grammar, and vocabulary are studied in conjunction with literature. Units of study include short stories, drama, poetry, nonfiction, ancient epic and the novel. First or second semester course for Grade 9; meets two periods per day. Yearlong course.
- Communication & Analysis. The purpose of this course is to study and practice the life skills of listening, speaking and writing. This media literacy course emphasizes the organization and presentation of information for various purposes and audiences. Contemporary uses of media, including entertainment and advertising, are analyzed and evaluated from a Christian perspective. Semester course required of all juniors. First or second semester for grade 11.
- Academic Writing. This course focuses on advancing and strengthening academic writing skills. Students write several short papers including essays and a short research paper. Academic Writing is a prerequisite to Advanced Writing. First or second semester for grades 10-12.
- Writing Skills. This course addresses the writing skills needed to succeed in high school writing and literature courses. Emphasis is on sentence structure, paragraph structure, grammar and mechanics. First or second semester for grades 10-12.
- Career English. Students learn the written and oral communication skills necessary to get a job and function well in a work environment. First or second semester for grades 11-12.
- Advanced Writing. Students are guided through the writing of several papers, including an autobiography and an extensive research paper. Especially recommended for college-bound students. Mennonite college credit available. Strongly recommended for juniors in preparation for the SAT. Prerequisite: Academic Writing. First or second semester for grades 11-12.
- English Composition I (Advanced Placement). Designed to develop fluency in writing clear, forceful, and effective prose. This course, when taken in conjunction with Introduction to Literature (AP), is intended to prepare students to take the AP Literature and Composition exam for college credit. By paying a fee based on present HACC rates for college credit, students may receive college credit for this course through Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC). This course is strongly recommended for juniors in preparation for the SAT. All students registering for English Composition I must take and pass HACC’s placement exam. This is a weighted class. Second semester for grades 11-12.
- Introduction to Literature (Advanced Placement). Designed to develop understanding and to increase human experience through literature, this college level course, when taken in conjunction with English Composition I, is intended to prepare students to take the AP Literature and Composition exam for college credit. The major literary types (poetry, fiction and drama) are defined and illustrated through examples drawn from English and American literature as well as other literatures of the world. By paying an additional registration and course fee and taking a placement exam, students may receive college credit for this course through Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC). This is a weighted class. First semester for grade 12.
- Advanced Reading. Designed for the student with above average ability and self-discipline, this course allows students to plan their own curriculum from a list of books suggested for the college bound. Students receive guidance in reading critically and respond in writing and orally to each book read. Second semester for grades 11-12.
- British Literature. Students study the major authors of the principle literary periods from Beowulf to 20th century poetry such as Shakespeare and Romanticisms, and become aware of recurring themes that link students of today with people of all times. Second semester for grades 10-12.
- U.S. Literature. A survey course sampling United States literature from the colonial times through the 20th century, U.S. Literature will explore how works relate to their historical and social contexts, the Christian worldview and their writers' view of life. U.S. Literature will correlate to the AP U.S. History curriculum. First semester for grades 10-12.
- Themes in Literature. The literature studied is organized around themes of high interest to students. Themes include death, love, courage and friendship. First semester for grades 10-12
- Literature of the Bible. The artistic dimension of the Bible is emphasized through careful study of various types of literature found in it and through the study of biblical influence in literature, art and music. First or second semester for grades 10-12 in alternate years. Offered 2018-2019.
- Literature of the Christian Faith. Selected works of various types from Christian writers are studied as literature and as inspirational writings. The use of Christian themes by non-Christian authors is also noted. First or second semester for grades 10-12 in alternate years. Offered 2017-2018.
- World Literature. Students will examine classic and contemporary world literature, exploring thematic threads which connect the works despite their varied cultural traditions, helping to broaden the students’ perspectives. Designed for the student with above average ability and self-discipline, this course allows students to plan their own curriculum from a list of books suggested for the college bound. Students receive guidance in critical reading and respond orally and in writing to each book. First or second semester course for grades 10-12.
- Journalism. This class introduces students to the various types and styles of journalistic writing. An elective course, Journalism is recommended for students considering applying to school publications. First semester for grades 10-12.
- Speech. Students learn to deal with fear and nervousness and to be confident and effective in a speaking situation. Class activities include group discussions, extemporaneous and memorized speeches and critiques. An emphasis is on applying speech skills outside of class. Prerequisite: Communication and Analysis. One semester course for grades 11-12.
- Drama: Performance. This class introduces the art of drama as communication. Students are challenged to develop skill in vocal articulation, projection, improvisation, stage presence and familiarization with dramatic terms. First semester for grades 11-12.
- Creative Writing. The writing of short stories, poetry and plays encourages imaginative expression. For students who enjoy writing and are ready for a challenge. First or second semester for grades 11-12.
- Ecology and Science Fiction (Online dual enrollment course taught by an Eastern Mennonite University professor). This college level course focuses on stories, either as graphic novels, books or film, that give us hope for the future or terrify us toward making change. Stories can make us feel content or they can cast a vision for a better future. The narratives we consume shape our world-view all the while providing entertainment. This book club like course explores the common themes of ecology and theology expressed through the vision of various science fiction authors, both classic and new. Required Textbook: Science Fiction: A Very Brief Introduction. Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for three college credits and technology. First or second semester course for grades 11-12.
- Theater and Justice (Online dual enrollment course taught by an Eastern Mennonite University professor). Theatre is one of many powerful tools used to address injustice in the world. In this course, students will research and analyze various theatre artists, dramatic literature, productions and theorists that use Theatre as their medium for change in the world. Particular emphasis will be on identifying the actors and the stage that comprise the Theatre for social and other on-line communities. Required Textbooks: Engaging Performance: Theatre as Call and Response. Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for three college credits and technology. First or second semester course for grades 11-12.
- Yearbook. Staff members use a period daily to work on the yearbook. Only students already appointed to the staff should include this in their schedule. Students receive a pass or fail grade. Recommended prior courses: Journalism and./or Two-dimensional Design. First semester for grades 11-12.
ESL (English as a Second Language)
- ESL Level 2. Level 2 focuses on improving students’ basic English skills in reading, writing, speaking and listening. Class work and assignments are designed to help students increase their vocabulary and communication skills in order to participate in school life and work toward functioning in a regular classroom. Students in Level 2 do not take another English class. ESL Level 2 meets for three periods each day. First and/or Second Semester.
- ESL Level 3. Level 3 serves to help improve students' English communication skills in reading, writing, speaking and listening to a level where they can begin to function in a regular classroom. Students also receive language level appropriate assignments and testing in their regular courses as well as advocacy by the ESL Level 3 teacher. Students in Level 3 generally do not take another English class. ESL Level 3 meets one period each day. First and/or Second Semester.
- ESL Level 4. Level 4 is designed to assist students with a smooth transition to all regular classes, especially English classes, without modifications. Students focus on vocabulary development, academic writing skills, literature reading and interpretation, and test-taking skills (especially the TOEFL IBT). ESL Level 4 students may, with teacher recommendation, take an additional English course. Students taking ESL 4 are required to take the TOEFL iBT, TOEFL JR, ITEP SLATE or IELTS as a part of each semester's coursework and grade. A TOEFL iBT score of 75 or equivalent is needed to successfully complete the program. In addition, students are required to participate in an extra-curricular activity. First and/or Second Semester.
ESL classes serve students who are learning English as a non-native language. The goal of ESL is to bring students to a level of English proficiency whereby they can participate fully in other academic courses and transition successfully to post-secondary education. Initial placement for incoming students is based primarily on the English proficiency test score submitted with the student’s application (TOEFL iBT, TOEFL JR, ITEP SLATE or IELTS). Movement between levels is determined by teacher recommendations, grades in ESL and other courses, and updated proficiency test scores. It is not uncommon for students to remain at the same level for multiple semesters. Since most colleges require a TOEFL iBT score of at least 80 for admission, students who desire to exit the high school ESL program are expected to score at least near that level.
Additional fees are charged for all levels of ESL. Fees are adjusted each semester to reflect the student’s current level. Please refer to our website or contact our business office for current ESL fees.
Family and Consumer Science Courses
- Exploratory Sewing. The objective of this course is to introduce students to the basic skills of hand sewing and machine sewing in an exploratory manner. Through their study, students will learn time management skills, how to read and follow written and oral instructions and cooperation in a group environment.
- Exploratory Foods. The objective of this course is to introduce students to the study of nutrition, meal planning and food preparation while utilizing high safety and sanitation standards. Through their study, students will learn time management skills and cooperation in a group as well as acceptable etiquette conduct at the table.
- Foods & Nutrition I. This course is an introduction to food preparation, cooking techniques, equipment and fundamental nutrition concepts and food appreciation. A variety of learning experiences including projects, experiments and cooking labs are used to reinforce concepts. Nutrition as it relates to present eating habits and health concerns are studied. Meal preparation, presentation and styles of service are exemplified in Christmas and Spring Teas, apple pie contests and home meal projects. Minimum lab fee is $45. First or second semester for grades 9-12.
- Foods & Nutrition II. Units of study include yeast breads, international foods, meal planning, fast foods, gourmet cooking and nutrition issues among others. Group research projects and labs expose students to advanced food preparation techniques, food consumerism and world food issues. Prerequisite: Foods and Nutrition I, except for seniors who must have instructor's approval. Minimum lab fee is $45. Second semester course
- Nutritional Science. Nutritional Science, also known as Food Science, is the study of the production, processing, preparation, evaluation and utilization of food. It is based on many other areas of science such as chemistry, biology, physics, and psychology (none of these areas are prerequisites to take the course.) Nutritional Science includes food labs to reinforce the study of the basic nutrients, leavening agents, fermentation, food safety and sanitation. This includes the use of scientific methods in laboratory experiments and food labs. Minimum lab fee is $45. Counts as 0.5 credit of science. First semester for grades 10-12
- Chinese Culinary Arts This is an introductory course that focuses on Chinese foods, basic theories and methods of cooking, terminology, kitchen practices and lifestyle, history of Chinese cooking, food ingredients and their functions. Lab work and video presentation will cover Chinese cuisine and popular Chinese holiday dishes. The course will compare Western foods and preparation to Chinese foods and preparation. Additional cultural topics include hospitality, human longevity, impact on the environment and medical systems. Minimum lab fee is $45. Semester course for grades 10-12.
- Child Development This course is for students considering a child care/education career or becoming a mother/father someday. Physical, mental, emotional and social development of a child from conception to age six is studied. Special topics covered include pregnancy, birth, discipline, play, brain, child abuse and children with special needs. Story time once a week for 12 weeks is planned and implemented by the classes and is open to community participation. Second semester for grades 11-12.
- Fashion & Design I. An introduction to the study of apparel design, merchandising and consumerism, this course will emphasize basic elements of clothing design and construction with insights into career possibilities in this field. Students will study history of fashion, merchandising strategies, textile fundamentals and equipment usage, culminating with the construction of at least three original garments. Students will purchase fabric and supplies for garments. First semester for grades 10-12.
- Fashion & Design II. This course provides students with the opportunity to learn modern techniques of clothing constructions, the basic elements and principles of design as applied in dress and consumer information on fabric and fabrice care. Students will purchase fabric and supplies for garments. Prerequisite: Fashion and Design I. First semester for grades 10-12
- Housing & Interior Decorating. This course helps students design a future "home." Included are housing designs and cultural influences on them, current and historic house styles, floor plans and furniture selection with an emphasis on current trends in home decorating. Career possibilities are explored. The use of the principles and elements of design in housing and interior decorating are utilized in the final presentation sample board. Second semester for grades 10-12 in alternate years. Offered 2017-18.
- Creative Crafts. This course encourages students to combine creativity with basic skills and techniques of sewing, basket weaving, stenciling, cake decorating, quilting, candle making, etc. Minimum lab fee is $45. First semester course for grades 9-12 in alternate years. Offered 2018-19.
- Health. Health classes focus on developing good decision-making skills and being responsible for one's health. Topics include injury prevention and safety, individual growth and development, substance abuse, personal health, nutrition and exercise. Health education in the middle school is articulated with the ninth grade curriculum.
- Physical Education. Students participate in activities involving cooperation, problem solving and team building strategies. The overall theme throughout the year is to stress fitness and wellness in all of the activities. Students also learn the skills necessary for a variety of team sports.
- Health/Safety Education-Driver Education. Specific units in health include fitness, wellness and first aid. The driver education component includes the thirty hours of classroom instruction required of a state approved driver-training program. Students desiring behind-the-wheel instruction need to arrange separately for it. Students in grades 11 or 12 who wish to take only the driver education course should make special arrangements with the guidance counselor. Required for 10th grade. First or second semester course for grade 10
- Health—9. Classroom units include injury prevention and safety, individual growth and development, substance abuse, personal health, nutrition and exercise. Required for all 9th graders. First or second semester course for grade 9.
- Physical Education-9. This course introduces students to a variety of team and lifetime sports activities. The following individual and team sports will be offered: fitness and weight training, football, softball, soccer, basketball, and volleyball. Required for all 9th grade students. First or second semester course for grade 9.
- Physical Education-10. This course encourages students to develop a lifetime fitness plan that will meet their personal needs. The following individual and team sports will be offered: tennis, speedball, volleyball, weight training, team handball, badminton, and outdoor education. Required. First or second semester course for grade 10.
- Fall Team Sports. The major team sports in this unit include basketball, touch or flag football, soccer, softball, street hockey, and volleyball. Each student will be required to dress-out and participate in the activity selected for that day. This will be an exciting class for persons who enjoy playing team sports and want to get in shape at the same time. This class is not geared for the varsity athlete who wants to perfect his/her skills so they can compete at the varsity level. First semester course for grades 11 and 12.
- Spring Team Sports. The major team sports in this unit include indoor/outdoor soccer, basketball, volleyball, street hockey, and styx ball (lacrosse). Each student will be required to dress-out and participate in the activity selected for that day. This will be an exciting class for persons who enjoy playing team sports and want to get in shape at the same time. This class is not geared for the varsity athlete who wants to perfect his/her skills in order to compete at the varsity level. Second semester course for grades 11 and 12.
- Weight Training & Conditioning. The emphasis on this class will be on physical fitness (cardiovascular endurance) and weight training. Each student will participate in a circuit-type weight training program geared for his/her own personal needs and abilities. The purpose of this class will be to develop and maintain a high level of cardiovascular endurance and good muscle tone throughout the body. Each student will be evaluated on his/her own merit and they will not be compared to other students in the class. A great class for persons who like the challenge of setting personal goals and are willing to work hard to reach those goals. First or second semester for grades 11 and 12.
- Weight Training & Conditioning II. For students who wish to continue their program beyond the first course. First or second semester for grades 11 and 12
- Weight Training & Conditioning III. For students who wish to continue their program beyond the second course. First or second semester for grades 11 and 12
- Racquet Sports. The sports involved in this introductory class will be tennis, badminton, floor tennis and ping pong. This will be an exciting class for persons who enjoy racquet sports and want to improve their eye-hand coordination and want to improve conditioning. This class is not geared for the varsity athlete who wants to perfect his/her skills so they can compete at the varsity level. First or second semester for grades 11-12.
- General English. This course parallels the regular English education course and focuses on developing writing skills, spelling frequently used words, and exploring literature. Students practice speaking skills through class discussions and presentations. First and second semester for grades 6-8.
- General Math. This course focuses on improving and developing arithmetic skills. Students receive practical mathematical skills for life as the course parallels the regular middle school math curriculum. First and second semester for grades 6-8.
- Guided Study. This course is designed for Academic Support students who have an Individualized Academic Plan (IAP) and are in Academic Support five periods a week. The course provides support for students in a small group setting and focuses on organization, academic checks, study skills, small group instruction, test support, technology support, and parental and teacher support. A pass/fail grade will be issued for this semester-long course. (.25 credit)
- Foundations of English. This course parallels components from the regular high school English courses while focusing on career-related writing, journaling, reading the newspaper, and literature study. First and second semester for grades 9-12 (.5 credit)
- Foundations of Math. This course includes a variety of mathematical areas used in daily life. Students will work collaboratively and independently as they develop problem solving and critical thinking skills. Beginning algebraic concepts will also be introduced. Relevant daily living projects and assignments are included. First and second semester for grades 9-12 (0.5 credit)
- General Social Studies. Students develop social skills including organization and healthy peer relationships as they expand their global awareness. Students learn skills in the following areas: study skills, career exploration, interviewing and employment, money management, organization and time management, leisure time activities, community living and general independent living skills. This course counts as one semester of social studies. First and second semester for grades 9-12. (.5 credit)
- Pre-Algebra 7. The course will focus on extensive problem solving and concepts that prepare students for algebra, including variables, expressions and equations. Students also connect geometry with algebra by exploring symmetry, symmetry transformations and the Pythagorean Theorem. Scientific calculators are required.
- Algebra I, Part 1. The course will focus on extensive problem solving and concepts that prepare students for algebra, including variables, expressions and equations. Students also connect geometry with algebra by exploring symmetry, symmetry transformations and the Phythagoran Theorem. Scientific calculators are required.
- Algebra. This course focused on extensive use of linear and simple quadratic equations, graphing, functions and relationships, and integrated geometry and algebra. Problem solving is emphasized. Scientific calculators are required. Students are also exposed to graphing calculators.
Students who received an A in algebra prior to entering eighth grade may take a high school geometry class.
- Foundations of Math. This course included a variety of mathematical areas used in daily life. Students will work collaboratively and independently as they develop problem solving and critical thinking skills. Beginning algebraic concepts will also be introduced. Relevant daily living projects and assignments are included. First and second semester for grades 9-12
- Algebra I (Part 1). This course integrates algebra and geometry concepts at a slower pace. The course focuses on linear concepts and basic geometry. This course prepares students for Algebra I (Part 2). Students should have a scientific calculator. Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- Algebra I (Part 2). This course is a sequel to Algebra I (Part 2) and integrates algebra and geometry concepts. This course covers linear and quadratic equations, graphing, and functions in addition to basic geometry. Students who complete both parts of Algebra will have completed a full Algebra I course with basic geometry. Students should have a scientific calculator. They will be exposed to graphing calculators. This course prepares students for Geometry. Prerequisite: Must have at least a C in Algebra I (Part 1) Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- Algebra I. This course focuses on extensive use of linear and simple quadratic equations, graphing, functions and relationships, and integrates geometry and algebra. Scientific calculators are required. Students are exposed to graphing calculators. Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- Algebra II. Builds upon concepts learned in Algebra I. New topics include trigonometry, quadratic relations and logarithms. A graphics calculator* is required which costs approximately $80-$95. *Recommended brands: TI-83+ or TI-84. Prerequisite: At least a C in Algebra I; At least a C in Geometry. Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- Geometry. This course investigates a range of subjects including Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Geometry, spatial relations, logic, proof, congruence, transformations, polygons, circles and the dimensions of various figures. Prerequisite: At least a C in Algebra I. Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- Geometry (Part 1). This course covers the first half of Geometry and investigates a range of subjects, including Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Geometry, spatial relations, logic, proof, congruence, transformations, polygons, circles, and the dimensions of various figures. This course reviews Algebra I content on a regular basis. Prerequisite: At least a C in Algebra I or Algebra I (Part 2). Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- Geometry (Part 2). This course is a sequel to Geometry (Part 1) and continues to investigate a range of subjects, including Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Geometry, spatial relations, logic, proof, congruence, transformations, polygons, circles, and the dimensions of various figures. This course reviews Algebra I content on a regular basis. Prerequisite: At least a C in Geometry, Part 1. Year course for grades 9-12.
- Computer Science. The main emphasis of this course is on programming and is oriented toward solving mathematic problems. Students will create some small games as well. It is strongly recommended that students taking this course enjoy math and problem solving. Keyboarding skills are helpful. Not offered in 2017-18. Prerequisite: Algebra I. Second semester course for grades 9-12.
- Pre-Calculus. An elective which follows Algebra I and II and Geometry. It prepares students for college work in mathematics. The structure of the number system is stressed. Topics include sequences and series, mathematical induction, vectors, and trigonometry. A graphics calculator is required. Prerequisites: At least a C in Algebra II and Geometry. Yearlong course
- Advanced Placement Calculus. Covers differentiation and integration and some of their applications. Limits and analytic geometry also receive quite a bit of attention. Students taking this course may take the Advanced Placement exam and should be able to test out of at least one semester of college calculus. A graphics calculator is required. This is a weighted class. Prerequisite: At least a C in Advanced Math. Yearlong course.
- Statistics. The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions from data by exploring data, planning a study, producing models and confirming models by statistical inference. This academic class prepares students for either college or the world of work. A T1-83+ or T1-84 graphing calculator is required (approx. $90 ). Prerequisite: At least a C in Algebra II and completion of ESL 4. First semester for grades 11-12.
- Advanced Placement Statistics. The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. Students are exposed to four broad conceptual themes: exploring data, planning a study, producing models using probability and simulation, and statistical inference. Students completing this class will be prepared for the Advanced Placement Statistics Exam. A TI-83 or TI-84 graphing calculator is required. This is a weighted class. Prerequisite: At least a C in Advanced Math and completion of ESL 4. Yearlong course.
- AP Computer Science Principles. With a unique focus on creative problem solving and real-world applications, the AP Computer Science Principles course gives studetns the opportunity to explore several important topics of computing including web development, programing, digital information, the internet and data. Students will use their own ideas and crativity to create artifacts of personal value including a final collaborative project. This course will also develop an interest in computer science that will foster further endeavors in the field. This course counts for math or science credit. Prerequisite: Algebra I. Yearlong course for grades 10-12.
- Computer Science Principles. With a unique focus on creative problem solving and real-world applications, the Computer Science Principles course gives students the opportunity to explore web development and programing. This course will run concurrently with the AP Computer Science Principles course. While covering some of the same material the pace and scope will vary. Students will use their own ideas and creativity to create artifacts of personal value including a final collaborative project. This course will also develop an interest in computer science that will foster further endeavors in the field. This course counts for math or science credit. Prerequisite: Algebra 1. First and second semester course for grades 10-12.
- Voice Class. Voice class is open to all students. It is highly recommended for Concert Chorale and Campus Chorale members. Emphasis is placed upon proper singing technique. Song literature includes many different styles. Student may be asked to purchase their own music. A public recital concludes the course. It is recommended that students take Exploring Music before taking this course. First semester for grades 9-12.
- Music Theory I. Music Theory I opens the doors of music to students, taking what they know and have experience in music and adding the fun of discovering how music is put together. Students examine how to get the most from music, all the ways it can be used (listening, performing, composing) and music history. Students will learn to create short songs. In order to be successful member of Vocal Ensemble or Campus Chorale or in order to take AP Music, students should take this course. First semester for grades 9-12.
- Music Theory II. Music Theory II is for students who have solid background in music. The course deals with all aspects of music, especially chord structure, voice leading, cadences, texture, and analysis. Students will work at keyboard proficiency as part of this course. Students are strongly encouraged to be engaged in vocal or instrumental performance. Students will be encouraged to compose a significant work and will have access toSibelius Notation software for composing. Taking the Advanced Placement Music exam is an option after completing this course. Prerequisite: Music Theory I or equivalent. Second semester for grades 11-12.
- Guitar I. For beginning guitar student. Each student is asked to purchase a text and have his/her own acoustic guitar. It is advisable to have some background in music before taking this course; hwever, previous experience is not required. First or second semester for grades 10-12.
- Guitar II. Students continue to develop their guitar skills in Guitar II. Each student is asked to purchase a text and have his/her own acoustic guitar. Prerequisite: Guitar I. First or second semester for grades 10-12.
- Appreciating Music Making. (Online dual enrollment course taught by an Eastern Mennonite University professor.) This college level course focuses on experiential learning and introduces music from the insider's perspective in order for students to explore creative processes involved in music making. Class content is organized topically, including notation systems, ensembles, composition, improvisation, music philosophies, film music, and music and worship from both Western and non-Western perspectives. Students will develop informed listening skills and cultivate an appreciation for the many contexts of music in our daily lives. Familiarity wth music notation is not requred. Required Textbooks: What to Listen For in Music and Thinking Musically: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture. Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for three college credits and technology. First or second semester course for grades 11-12.
- Piano Lab. Piano Lab is an introductory piano course. Students would benefit from taking Music Theory I or its equivalent before coming into the class. Student will be asked to pay for the text. Advanced students may work independently. Student will be expected to play in a recital. Second semester for grades 9-12.
- Concert Choir. Concert Choir is a non-auditioned choir. In addition to singing good choral literature and preparing for performances, emphasis is placed on proper habits for singers, sight-reading music skills, and choral blend. The group may perform in several church programs besides the school concerts. Regular attendance at rehearsals is essential for good ensemble work. Participation in all scheduled concerts is expected. A yearlong commitment is preferred. For grades 9-12.
- Campus Chorale. Admission is by audition. Members are chosen on the basis of musical and vocal ability, personal discipline, and spiritual maturity. Campus Chorale is the main performing choir of LMH and gives programs in local churches, participates in the MSEC Choir Festival and an adjudicated choir festival. Members are required to participate in all scheduled performances unless specifically excused by the director. Choir members are expected to pay for their own choir outfits, as well as any other fees related to the Campus Chorale. Regular attendance at rehearsals is essential. Yearlong course for grades 11-12.
- String Orchestra. String Orchestra is open to students from grades 9-12 by audition. The string orchestra rehearses five periods a week. Sectionals may take place on alternate days. Students normally are expected to provide their own instruments and be able to read music. A yearlong commitment is preferred.
- Concert Band. Concert Band is open to students from grades 9-12 by audition. Concert band rehearses twice a week and SELECT STUDENTS meet with the Symphone Orchestra once a week. Sections which have too many instruments for the orchestra may be asked to work as separate ensembles. Students normally are expected to provide their own instruments and be able to read music. Yearlong course.
- Jazz Ensemble. Jazz Ensemble meets twice a week opposite the Concert Band rehearsals. Members of the Jazz Ensemble who play wind instruments normally must also be members of the concert band. The pep band is comprised of Jazz Ensemble members. Regular attendance at rehearsals and any agreed upon concerts is expected. Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- Advanced Placement U.S. History. This college-level U.S. history course prepares students to take the Advanced Placement test for college credit. The purpose of this course is to increase students' understanding of United States history from 1700 to 1975. Areas of concentration include political, economic and social history. This is a weighted class. Students may register to receive college credit for this course from Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC) by paying a fee based on current HACC rates. First semester course for grade 11 that meets two periods per day.
- Economics. This course focuses on fundamental economic concepts affecting individuals and the whole economy. Comparing economic systems helps students to understand the foundations of the nation's economy. Economics concerns situations in which choices must be made about how to use scarce resources, current economic issues, the role of government, stewardship of resources, international trade and global economics are all aspects of the course. Economics classes organize to invest in the stock market and to give profits to worthy organizations. First or second semester for grade 12.
- AP Comparative Government and Politics. This college level year-long Government and Politics course prepares students to take the Advanced Placement test for college credit. The course provides a cross-national perspective on the gonvernment, politics and economics of contemporary nations such as the United States, the European Union, Britain, Mexico, China, Russia, Nigeria, Iran and others as needed. Speical emphais will also be given to the topic of Christian citizenship. This is a weighted class. This course meets the economics requirement for graduation. Yearlong course for grade 12.
- Individual & Family Studies(9 weeks) / Personal Finance (9 weeks). This course examines the family as an important social institution and explores personal finance. Some areas of study include gifts discernment and career interests, managing conflict, marriage and family, divorce and family, and family violence. Personal finance topics include financial responsibility and decision making, planning and money management, stewardship, budgeting and charitable giving, credit and debt, and saving and investing. Required course recommended for grade 12. First or second semester.
- Honors Sociology. This college level introductory sociology course examines the interaction of people within social structure of modern society. The class covers patterns of social interaction and social influences of modern society. Emphasis will be given to the various institutions within modern society along with social stratification both within the United States and the global community. This college-level introductory sociology course will be geared toward preparing students to take and pass the College Board's College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) test to acquire college credit. Second semester for grades 11-12.
- Introduction to Peacebuilding. This course focuses on the theory and basic concepts of conflict and conflict transformation. Topics include the psychology of peace and conflict, Biblical foundations of conflict transformation, conflict resolution skills of mediation, negotiation, and restorative justice, nonviolent struggle and social movements in history, and international peacemaking and peacebuilding. Second semester for grades 11-12.
- Advanced Placement World History. This college-level World history course prepares students to take the advanced placement test for college credit. The course highlights the nature of changes in international frameworks and their causes and consequences, as well as comparisons among major societies. This results in a more holistic, systematic, and global view of history. The course offers balanced global coverage with Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe each represented. This year-long class incorporates content from the required 9th grade Social Studies course, Global Studies, and the required 10th grade course, Recent World History. This is a weighted class. Yearlong course for grades 10-12. (Sophomores may take this course in place of Global Studies and Recent World History.)
- Advanced Placement Psychology. This college level introductory psychology course is designed to introduce the systematic and scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of human beings and other animals. Included is a consideration of the psychological facts, principles, and phenomena associated with each of the major subfields within psychology. Students also learn about the ethics and methods psychologists use in their science and practice. This is a weighted class. Second semester for grades 11-12.
- World Religions. (Online dual enrollment course taught by an Eastern Mennonite University professor.) This college level course is a survey of the major religions of our world: Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Judaism, Islam and Christianity. In looking at each religion, we will explore its origin, its historical/social context, its founders and important figures, its scriptures, its cosmology, its wisdoms (philosophical and theological ideas), its teachings for living in the world, and its vision of and for humanity. This course will begin with an exploration into the nature of religious consciousness which human beings seem to have and a closer look at the key components of this consciousness: myth, symbol, and ritual as they structure our personal and social reality. Required textbook: None. Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for three college credits and technology. First or second semester course for grades 11-12.
The Family and Consumer Sciences curriculum is designed to increase students' knowledge and skills in the area of human development, family relationships, consumerism, foods and nutrition, clothing and textiles, and housing and interier decorating. Our goal is to manage with reason and creativity the challenges across the life span of living and working in a global society. Empahsis is placed on the responsible and biblical use of resources which incorporate Christian values to enhance the quality of family life.
Middle school students will be taught the basic skills of sewing and food preparation through sewing and cooking projects. Stewardship of time and resources and concepts of etiquette, hospitality and godly character are emphasized. The study of nutrition, kitchen safety and use of equipment is included.
Health, Safety, and Physical Education Courses
Maintaining physical health and development is essential for a Christian. Our bodies are the "temples of God" and therefore must be respected and cared for properly. Physical activities not only maintain healthy bodies but also provide an outlet for normal energies and stress. It is hoped that exercise combined with the classroom study of the physical and psychological person will instill in students a meaningful understanding of themselves.
The staff in the Learning Support program works with students in a holistic way that enables them to grow academically, spiritually, socially, and physically. LMS offers services to ensure that students who learn differently are given a chance to realize their full academic potential. Federal and state guidelines are useful to program design; however, LM is an independent school and forms a program that best serves our students without the restrictions and requirements of strictly following government mandates.
The Learning Support staff partners with parents and teachers to provide students who might otherwise find it difficult to participate in the general education curriculum with the resources to achieve academic success in the classroom. The Learning Support program may include students with learning difficulties or disabilities.
LMS seeks to ensure students are included and successful in their least restrictive placement classes to the fullest extent that they are able. The Learning Support staff work with teachers to facilitate accommodations and differentiation of instruction. Accommodations and support are provided through an Individualized Academic Plan (IAP) for students who demonstrate a need.
Mathematics holds a central place in academic traditions and is a factor in the advancement of civilization. mathematics is used in science and technology and is a basic tool for logival reasoning and decision-making processes. Mathematics is a common language in the global community and as such transcends national boundaries and becomes a useful model for the Christian community. Through mathematics, we see the beauty of God's creation as expressed in nature's symmetry and designs. It affirms God's awesome power.
Sixth grade math serves as the bridge between the basics of elementary school math and higher levels of math. The course refines computational skills and develops problem-solving skills. Students will investigate the following strands of mathematics through hands-on activities and exploratory exercises: measurement, patterns and number theory, fractions, decimals, geometry, statistics, probability, ratio, proportion and percent.
Mathematics final note: Mathematics credit may also be earned through either Business Math, Personal Finance or Financial Accounting.
Music is an art form expressed in composing, performing, participating and listening, and is an important element in worship. What students experience and explore in music at Lancaster Mennonite School can significantly impact music in the church, cultivating aesthetic enjoyment, social and cultural understandings, and a faith relationship with God. Music experiences in ensembles, promote social as well as personal develoment. Skills developed in music can be used for a lifetime.
Sixth grade has a general music class throughout the school year and may also elect to be in one of the performing groups: Concert Band, Jazz Band, String Ensemble or Choir. Seventh and eighth grades may elect music classes. Members of band or orchestra normally are expected to provide their own instruments and be able to read music.
String Orchestra, Concert Band, Jazz Band
The instrumental ensembles of the school are made up of the String Orchestra, the Concert Band and the Jazz Band. Students are expected to stay with the ensemble they have chosen for the entire school year. Students should have their own instruments and should be taking private lessons on their instrument outside the school time. The school owns a few instruments that may be rented at a reasonable rate. Attendance at all rehearsals and scheduled concerts is expected. Students will be asked to cover costs related to the MSEC Band and Orchestra Festival. Full year course for grades 9-12.
Private vocal and instrumental instruction is available for students wanting to enhance their performance skills. Arrangements for lessons are made through the music department. Lesson fees are paid to the instructor.
Science is a way of discovery that provides for intellectual stimulation and development. It is fundamental in helping to equip students to live responsibly in a technological world.
The marvels of the physical world reflect God's glory as both creator and sustainer. The tools of science help to explore the workings of nature and to unlock some of its wonders. We affirm that truth has its source in God. Therefore the discoveries of science, rightly understood, proclaim God as supreme in the physical as well as the spiritual realm.
Earth Science. The sixth grade science curriculum includes a study of the Earth's changing surface, the waters of the Earth, inside the Earth and meteorology. Students will broaden their understanding of and appreciation for the functions of God's creation and learn about the importance of using resources wisely.
Life Science. This course will focus on the characteristics of living things from bacteria to animals. Students will explore the fundamental qualities that hold true for all organisms as well as how the differences are classified. How life is passed on (cell structure and genetics) and life's place in the world (environmental science) are also featured.
Physical Science. This inquiry-based course is a beginning study of interactions between matter and energy. Topcis such as motion, force, and energy, sound and light, chemical interactions and molecular relationships will be studied. Students will gain awareness of the intricate workings within God's creation.
Environmental Science. With the campus as our extended laboratory we will explore how God's earth operates. We will examine the gifts of atmosphere, aquatic systems, and the land and how they have been used and misused. The goal is to prepare us to be good stewards of God's creation. First or second semester course; meets two periods per day.
Biology. God's gift of life to plants, animals and people is marvelous. Biology helps us awaken these wonders. A variety of laboratory and class activities is designed to lay a foundation to understand the living world, both for persons who will take advanced studies as well as those who do not. (9th grade students selecting Biology should have an "A" in 8th grade math/science.) Yearlong course for grades 9-12
Biology Research. Biology for students who are interested in pursuing science fair topics while completing the full biology curriculum. Each student will be responsible for completing a science fair project that addresses kingdom values, specifically Matthew 25:34-45. Students selecting Research Biology should be self-motivated having an “A” in 8th grade math/science or “B” and above in Environmental Science. Prerequisite: Environmental Science strongly advised. First semester course for grades 9-10 (10th grade preference); meets two periods per day.
Chemistry. This course examines the structure and properties of matter, and investigates the interaction of elements and compounds that permeate the world around us. It is designed for the college bound student, although it is encouraged for everyone. Student lab work and demonstrations are integrated with the reading and problem solving involved in this course of study. Prerequisite: Algebra I. First or second semester course for grades 10-12; meets two periods per day.
Honors Chemistry. This course examines the structure and properties of matter and investigates interactions of elements and compounds that permeate the world around us. It is designed as an option to be taken instead of chemistry for those college-bound students who may be interested in a science or math related field. Student lab work and demonstrations are integrated with the reading and problem solving involved in this course of study. Prerequisite: Students taking this course should have received an A or B in previous science and math classes and be enrolled concurrently in or have completed Algebra II. First or second semester course for grades 10-12; meets two periods per day.
Physics. This course is an inquiry based course which examines the physical laws which describe our universe. Lab work is essential to the course and provides opportunity to explore and apply these physical laws. Concepts covered are drawn from the areas of motion, energy, static and current electricity, and wave theory. Prerequisite: Chemistry and Algebra II. First or second semester course for grades 11 or 12; meets two periods per day.
Honors Physics. This course may be taken instead of Physics. Students will examine the physical laws which describe our universe. Designing labs, performing labs and problem solving is essential to the course. The labs and problems are more in depth and complex than in Physics. Requirements include attending and successfully completing the Hersheypark Physics Day lab. (Cost is approximately $25 and only for students taking the course in the spring), completing a project which, depending on what you build, may also cost additional money. Students enrolling must have completed Algebra II and Chemistry with an A or B. First or Second semester course for grades 11 or 12; meets two periods per day.
The science department recommends that a student complete biology, chemistry and physics before enrolling in the following advanced science courses.
Anatomy and Physiology. This course emphasizes human anatomy and physiology. It is of special interest for, but not limited to, students interested in health and medical-related fields. Prerequisites: A or B in biology and chemistry. Second semester for grades 11-12.
Advanced Placement Biology. This is a rigorous and demanding second-year biology class designed for the highly motivated college-bound student with a special interest in the sciences. The course will focus on four main themes: cellular biology, molecular genetics, biological systems, and population genetics. A significant amount of studying must be completed at home to allow time for discussion, labs, and inquiry during class time. The course will prepare students to take the AP Biology exam in May which may enable them to obtain college credits. This is a weighted class. Prerequisite: A or B in biology and chemistry. Completed or enrolled in advanced math. Yearlong course for grades 11-12; meets one period per day.
Advanced Placement Chemistry. This course is a second year chemistry class designed for the highly motivated college bound student with a special interest in the sciences. It will involve a deeper study of matter with a closer look at the steps involved in how it changes. It will prepare students for taking the AP Chemistry exam in May which will enable them to obtain up to eight college credits. This is a weighted class. Prerequisite: A or B in first year chemistry, completed or enrolled in advanced math. Offered in alternate years with Advanced Environmental Science. Offered 2018-2019. Yearlong course for grades 11-12
Advanced Environmental Science. This course will focus on the scientific study of our environment and the impact we have on it. It includes examining land and energy use, water and air quality, and our impact on the various ecosystems around the world. Our own campus will provide us with hands on lab work. Students planning on taking the AP exam are encouraged to also take Forestry and the Environment or Wildlife and Fisheries Science. Prerequisites: A or B in biology and chemistry. Second semester class for grades 11 and 12. Offered in alternate years with AP Chemistry. Offered 2017-2018.
Advanced Placement Physics. This course is normally a second year physics class designed for the highly motivated college bound student who has a special interest in engineering or physics. This is a calculus based physics course that will prepare students to take the Advanced Placement Physics “C” test in Mechanics. Topics we will cover are kinematics, Newton’s laws of motion, work, energy, power, linear momentum, circular motion, rotation, oscillations and gravitation. Labs will be more extensive than honors physics labs and will take place about once a week. Throughout the course a lot of emphasis will be placed on problem solving. This is a weighted class. Prerequisites: A or B in first year Physics, completed or enrolled in AP Calculus. Second semester class for grades 11-12; meets two periods per day.
Food and Population. (Online dual enrollment course taught by an Eastern Mennonite University professor.) This college level course is an examination of the biological and demographic aspects of the world food and population problems, including economic, political, ethical and theological contributions to the problems and solutions. Current international events that shape global food and population problems will also be addressed. Required textbooks: Omnivore's Dilemma, Can We Feed the World?: The Future of Food, and Cod: A Biography of the Fish That Changed the World. Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for three college credits and technology. First or second semester course for grades 11-12.
Advanced Placement Physics. This course is normally a second year physics class designed for the highly motivated college bound student who has a special interest in engineering or physics. This is a calculus based physics course that will prepare students to take the Advanced Placement Physics “C” test in Mechanics. Topics we will cover are kinematics, Newton’s laws of motion, work, energy, power, linear momentum, circular motion, rotation, oscillations and gravitation. Labs will be more extensive than honors physics labs and will take place about once a week. Throughout the course a lot of emphasis will be placed on problem solving. This is a weighted class. Prerequisites: A or B in first year Physics, completed or enrolled in AP Calculus. Second semester class for grades 11-12; meets two periods per day.
Social Studies Courses
Social Studies courses are taught within the context of Christian education. We recognize God's sovereignty in history and the affairs of humankind. A global emphasis encourages appreciation for the heritage and cultural diversity of our world. The study of current events and issues of human need reflect concern for peace and justice throughout the world. Students are challenged to become responsible citizens of their country with an ultimate loyalty to the Kingdom of God.
Sixth grade social studies focuses on early world history. The course begins with a study of the early civilizations of Mesoptamia and Africa. Students will then move on oto ancient Greece, Asia (India and China?, and Rome. The course will conclude with a study of the early Islamic civilization.
This course begins with a study of early African and Asian civilizations (400 to 1500 A.D.) Students will then move on to the emerging European kingdoms, the Byzantine Empre and the Middle Ages in Europe. The course will conclude with a study of the early civilizations in the Americas.
This United States history course will focus on the first Americans up to the Civil War. Grade 11 continues the study to the present day. Topics within this period of time include the Native Americans, English colonies, American Revolution, the creating of a republic, industry and growth, and western expansion. Students will also study civics as well as Pennsylvania and local history.
Global Studies. The theme of this course is the value of an appreciation of cultural diversity and a respect for all cultures. This course highlights issues such as migration, conflict, religion, race and ethnicity, and political and economic systems within a regional framework. Regions covered in this course include Latin America, Africa, Central and Southwest Asia, South Asia, and East Asia. Students intending to take AP World History in 10th grade are not required to take this class as much of the content is incorporated into the AP World History class. First or second semester for grade 9.
Recent World History. This course will focus on world events from the 1500s to the present, with special emphasis on the growth of the political, economic, and social institutions of Europe, East Asia, South Asia, Africa, Southwest and Central Asia, and the Americas along with the relationship of past events to current situations. First or second semester for grade 10.
U.S. History. This survey course begins with the 1870s and continues to the present day. One goal is to acquaint students with major events of American history within a chronological framework. Several historical themes are developed throughout the course to gain understanding of the cumulative impact of past events on present life and issues. Some themes include the impact of changing technology, American culture, ethnic diversity, religious movements, economic and political development. First or second semester course for grade 11 that meets two periods per day.
Technical Education Courses
- Technology & Design. This course is an overview of technology and its impact on our lives-- past, present and future. The course includes hands-on activities, lab demonstrations, small group work, and class discussions. Wood is the primary material used. The technological method of designing, building, testing, evaluating, and applying is integrated into the course. Students will pay for materials used. First or second semester for grades 9-12.
- Metalworking. Steel, aluminum, copper and brass in various forms are used as exploratory metals. Skill development and an understanding of materials and techniques used by industry and technology are stressed. Forging, casting, machining and other methods are used in the creation of functional products. Students will pay for materials used. First semester for grades 10-12.
- Drafting Technology I. This course introduces the student to drafting by visualizing and laying out multi-view drawings, descriptive geometry, developments, and working drawings. The first number of drawings is done using hand drafting tools, giving students the background to use SolidWorks, a 3D computer aided drafting program widely used in industry. This course is a good foundation for majors in engineering and architecture. First or second semester for grades 10-12.
- Drafting Technology II. This course is an advanced course that follows Drafting Technology I. Students will develop more advance projects and work independently. They will use SolidWorks as well as a 3-D printer to make objects, introducing them to some of the latest procesing used in industry. Prerequisite: Drafting Technology I. First or second semester for grades 10-12.
- Architectural Technology. Architectural styles, energy efficiency, alternative housing and cost estimates are presented. Chief Architect, a computer aided drafting program is used for a number of residential drawing projects. This course is a good foundation for majors in architecture, design, or any of the building trades. First or second semester for grades 10-12.
- Advanced Woodworking I. This course features wood as the primary material used for making advanced end-used products. Students manufacture custom products, utilizing advanced techniques including using a CNC (computer numerically controlled) router. Product design and conservation of materials are also studied. Skills and understanding are developed through class discussions, industry visits and production. Students will pay for materials. Prerequisite: Technology and Design. First semester for grades 11-12.
- Advanced Woodworking II. This course features wood as the primary material used for making advanced end-use products. Students manufacture custom products, utilizing advanced techniques, including using a CNC (computer numerically controlled) router. Product design and conservation of materials are also stressed. Company formation, finance, research and development, production and marketing are studied. Skills and understanding are developed through class discussions, industry visits and production. Students will pay for materials. Prerequisite: Technology and Design; Advanced Woodworking I. Second semester for grades 11-12.
- Electronics. An introductory level lab course that examines the laws of electricity, its production and conduction and especially its uses in electronic components. AC and DC circuits, resistors, capacitors, transistors, etc. are investigated and applied in practical ways. This course may count for .5 credit of Science. First semester for grades 11-12.
Experiences in Technology Education help students understand how to use knowledge, skills, materials and tools to solve problems and increase the potential of what they can do. Students learn within the context of Christian principles that emphasize wise use of resources, responsible applications of technology and innovative ways of using technology to benefit humanity.
These classes are hands-on and activity-based. They include the study of the definition and history of technology and culminate with the creation of a project. Technology learning activiies include small group problem solving, building a model/object to solve a problem, and testing results and analysis.
World Language Courses
Learning to communicate with people of other languages and understanding their way of life are essential skills in an increasingly interdependent world. As students listen to, speak, read and write a second language, they begin to develop a greater awareness and appreciation for the broad diversity of cultures in our world.
Those who travel or serve abroad find a second language an important key to developing meaningful relationships. Proficiency in a second language will also better prepare students for careers which involve cross-cultural communication. Finally, learning another world language enables students to better understand their own language and can give them linguistic tools useful in other fields of study.
Seventh grade students take an exploratoy Chinese language class. Students in eighth grade have the option to elect French, German, Spanish or Chinese languages, Level I, as described in the high school curriculum guide. Students in middle school study a language with the goal of taking the second level in high school.
- French I. Students are introduced to French sounds, useful vocabulary and phrases through dialogues and small-group or partner-oriented activities. The major focus will be on learning to use the language to communicate about events and facts related to the students themselves. In addition, attention will be given to the countries and cultures where French is spoken, in order to better understand the language. If enrollment is insufficient, the course will be an online experience. Yearlong course for grades 8-12.
- French II. In French II the student builds on previously learned material to develop more complex language, working on listening, speaking, reading and writing the language. French II will be an online experience. Prerequisite: at least a C average in French I. Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- French III. In French III students will build on previously learned material to develop more complex language, working on listening, speaking, reading and writing the language. French III will be an online experience. Prerequisite: at least a C average in French II. Yearlong course for grades 10-12.
- French IV. In French IV students will build on previously learned material to develop more complex language, working on listening, speaking, reading and writing the language. French IV will be an online experience. Prerequisite: at least a C average in French III. Yearlong course for grades 10-12.
- German I. Students are introduced to German sounds and useful vocabulary through dialogs and activities based on everyday speech. Though grammar is a part of language study, the main focus is on learning to communicate in German. Students will spend time learning about the German speaking people, their way of life, and the countries from which they come. The language is spoken, written and heard. Students in German I-IV meet the same period combining teacher instruction with online learning. Yearlong course for grades 8-12.
- German II. Activities at the second level are directed toward making it possible for students to communicate more accurately in German. Classroom activities are conducted in German when possible. Attention is also given to listening comprehension, reading, writing, and to learning to deal with potential situations in a country where German is spoken. Students in German I-IV meet the same period combining teacher instruction with online learning. Prerequisite: German I. Prerequisite: at least a C average in German I. Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- German III. Students continue to improve their accuracy in speaking, listening, reading and writing by learning the finer points of grammar and verb tenses in German. In addition to the textbook, other materials such as magazine and newspaper articles, literary selections, videos and articles on history and culture will be used to increase vocabulary and the students’ knowledge of German and world issues. Students in German I-IV meet the same period combining teacher instruction with online learning. Prerequisite: at least a C average in German II. Yearlong course for grades 10-12.
- German IV. Students learn finer points of grammar and verb tenses in German. Students continue to improve accuracy in speaking, listening, reading and writing and to communicate ideas on a variety of topics with as little hesitation as possible. Current periodical articles, literacy selections and articles on history and culture will be used in addition to the textbook. Students in German I-IV meet the same period combining teacher instruction with online learning. Prerequisite: at least a C average in German III. Yearlong course for grades 11-12.
- Chinese I. This is the beginning level Chinese language class. It is offered to students who have no background or a limited background in Chinese. The goal of this class is to develop four basic language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing through various learning activities in and outside class. To help create interest and aid in memorizing characters, pictographic symbols are introduced. Pinyin, the Chinese phonetic system, will be taught to help students pronounce characters. Learning Chinese through technology will be introduced. Grammatical phonemes and sentence structures will be taught through activities, games and plays that are integrated in basic conversational topics, Chinese songs, children's poems, and Chinese culture. Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- Chinese II. Students enrolled in Chinese II will have an opportunity to continue to develop four basic language learning skills plus translation skill. Learning to write better in Chinese and reading in more variety of Chinese subjects will be stressed in this class. More learning activities will be used to help increase vocabulary and do grammar exercises. Proficiency in speaking and Chinese culture awareness will continue. Technology to assist in learning Chinese will be addressed. By the end of the course, students will be able to read newspaper, short articles, ads, and tell stories in the target language. Prerequisite: at least a C average in Chinese I. Yearlong course for grades 9-12.
- Chinese III. This course focuses on oral communication, reading, writing, and translation skills. Communication skills include oral proficiency, connotation, and the use of words in speaking. Reading proficiency includes comprehension, covering science, history, literature, poetry, culture, and customs in different forms. Writing proficiency includes syntax and context in writing short stories and essays. Translation skills will be studied and practiced in depth. Learning Chinese through technology will continue, including using media such as emails or blogs and online communication in Chinese with each other. Prerequisite: At least a C in Chinese II. Yearlong course for grades 10-12.
- Chinese IV. This course prepares students to be proficient in listening, speaking, reading, writing and translation to enable them to use these tools in their future careers. It helps develop students' capabilities to understand Chinese, comprehend Chinese, and express Chinese in a native way. Chinese IV provides opportunities for students to enjoy reading Chinese literature, poems and history. Also, there will be a variety of activities in writing in Chinese as well. Chinese IV helps students prepare for taking college Chinese in college, prepare possible opportunity to teach Chinese or teach English using Chinese in China. It also will introduce how to pass HKS (a standard Chinese test for foreign students) and prepare students who may be studying at universities in China in the future. Prerequisite: at least a C average in Chinese III. Yearlong course for grades 10-12.
- Spanish I. This course is open to students with little or no experience in Spanish. Spanish I is proficiency-oriented, based on an integrative approach to the four basic skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Emphasis is s given to developing communication skills through interaction among students and between students and teacher. Material is also presented to develop an appreciation of Hispanic cultures. Yearlong course for grades 8-12.
- Spanish II. This course builds on the material learned previously by reviewing key grammatical points and adding to basic vocabulary themes presented in first-year Spanish. Communicative activities continue to be an important aspect of learning to use the language for real-life situations within appropriate cultural contexts. Prerequisite: at least a C average in Spanish I. Yearlong for for grades 9-12.
- Spanish III. In this course students are encouraged to begin to express their own thoughts without solely relying on memorized material. Key grammatical structures are taught to enhance clear and effective communication. Through short reading selections students will continue to develop greater cultural understanding. Spanish III is an important step to help students enlarge upon the basic material learned in levels 1 and 2. Prerequisite: At least a C average in Spanish II. Yearlong course for grades 10-12.
- Spanish IV. This course is designed to help students add to a strong base of vocabulary learned in previous courses. In addition, students will add to their understanding of basic grammatical structure by learning more complex concepts. Students will continue to develop cultural awareness, especially through the reading of Spanish literature. This course receives credit at Mennonite colleges. Prerequisite: at least a C average in Spanish III. Yearlong course for grades 10-12.
- Spanish V-A. In this course there will be a review of advanced grammar and a continued emphasis on building vocabulary through the use of authentic materials including modern Spanish short stories, newspapers, magazines, films and the internet. Student will draw on previously learned skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing with the goal of achieving proficiency in Spanish. Prerequisite: Grade C or better in Spanish IV, and the recommendation of the Spanish IV teacher. Yearlong course for grades 11-12.
High School Academics
Lancaster Mennonite School is noted for educational excellence. This section is designed to assist potential students, their parents, and current families in learning about the academic faith-infused opportunities LMS offers, as well as to help existing students in their course-selection process.
Click here to see the graduation requirements and grading scale.
For a printable version of the 2017-18 curriculum guide contents, click here.