Curriculum Guide

High School Curriculum

As a comprehensive, holistic school, LM helps students of diverse abilities and interests be all they can be. The student body includes students with academic difficulties as well as Merit Scholars; it includes those who want to work with their hands as well as those who aspire to work towards professional careers.

While some schools emphasize “academic excellence,” LM promotes integrated educational excellence that addresses the whole person and prepares them for life, not just college or academic success. While nurturing all gifts and talents, the high school program still provides academic rigor that can propel students to top-notch colleges and universities. Courses marked with an asterisk (*) in this guide are especially recommended for college-bound students.

Overall, the Lancaster Campus offers over 150 courses and programs, including AP courses, honors courses for college credit, and electives in the fields of computer technology, agriculture science, church history, art and music, among others.

The staff in the Academic Support program works with students in a holistic way that enables them to grow academically, spiritually, socially, and physically. LMS offers services to ensure that students who learn differently are given a chance to realize their full academic potential. Federal and state guidelines are useful to program design; however, LMS is an independent school and forms a program that best serves our students without the restrictions and requirements of strictly following government mandates.

The Academic Support staff partners with parents and teachers to provide students who might otherwise find it difficult to participate in the general education curriculum with the resources to achieve academic success in the classroom. The Academic Support program may include students with learning difficulties or disabilities.

LMS seeks to ensure students are included and successful in their least restrictive placement classes to the fullest extent that they are able. The Academic Support staff work with teachers to facilitate accommodations and differentiation of instruction. Accommodations and support are provided through an Individualized Academic Plan (IAP) for students who demonstrate a need.

800 Guided Study

9-12

Lancaster

This course is designed for Academic Support students who have an Individualized Academic Plan (IAP) and are in Academic Support five periods a week. The course provides support for students in a small group setting and focuses on organization, academic checks, study skills, small group instruction, test support, technology support, and parental and teacher support. A pass/fail grade will be issued for this semester-long course.

Credits -

.25

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

Foundations of English

9-12

Lancaster

See course 218A/218B under "English."

Credits -

.5

Duration -

Yearlong

Foundations of Math

9-12

Lancaster

See course 401/402 under "Mathematics."

Credits -

.5

Duration -

Yearlong

General Social Studies

9-12

Lancaster

Students develop social skills including organization and healthy peer relationships as they expand their global awareness. Students learn skills in the following areas: study skills, career exploration, interviewing and employment, money management, organization and time management, leisure time activities, community living and general independent living skills. This course counts as one semester of social studies.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

Yearlong

Agriculture education provides opportunities for learning in the applied sciences, technology and business environment. The agricultural sciences create opportunities which challenge students to apply the scientific method to areas as diverse as landscaping, forest management and animal nutrition. Students develop vocational skills and knowledge necessary for work in the local and global communities. Emphasis is placed on Christian stewardship of natural resources and biblical ethics in work and business.

601 Forestry and Environment

Grades 9-12

Lancaster

Students learn to identify many of the trees common to the northeastern United States. This course includes units on multiple uses of the forest such as lumber, energy, wildlife, conservation and reforestation. Students will also contribute to the preservation of the environment. This course may count as 0.5 Science credit.

Credits -

0.5

Duration -

1st semester

602 Wildlife and Fisheries Science

10-12

Lancaster

Students will learn about the different aspects and career opportunities of wildlife and fisheries management and natural resource conservation. This course will include units on identification, habitat management, and small mammal study. Outdoor activities and studies will use the campus woodlands and aquatic areas as an outdoor lab. The course may count as 0.5 science credit.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

603 Animal Biotechnology

9-12

Lancaster

Students explore practical aspects of animal reproduction, nutrition and health. Units include dairy, swine, beef and horses. This course provides an excellent foundation for agri-business careers, farmers and introductory vet-science for college freshmen. This course may count as 0.5 Science credit.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

606 Construction Technology

11-12

Lancaster

Students learn the basics of electrical wiring, plumbing, and masonry. Students order material for a utility shed, lay out a floor plan and design simple roof trusses. Students also construct one or more storage type buildings. Students will pay for parts, materials used, as well as a small deposit for safety equipment.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

607 Power Technology – Small Engines

9-12

Lancaster

This course provides students with an excellent theoretical and practical background in operating, maintaining, trouble shooting and repairing of small gasoline engines. Anyone planning to own a car or other motorized equipment will benefit from this course. Students will pay for parts, materials used, as well as a deposit for safety equipment. This course counts as 0.5 science credit.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

608 Horticulture

9-12

Lancaster

Students learn knowledge and skills involved with greenhouse management, plant propagation, integrated pest management (IPM), and landscape work. The landscape component may include developing a landscape plan. This course involves many hands-on lab activities, and during spring weather, students work outdoors in practical landscape care. This course counts as 0.5 science credit.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

609 Welding and Mechanics Technology

11-12

Lancaster

Emphasis is on modern processes of joining and separating steel, sheet metal, etc. Skills are learned using the arc welder, plasma cutter, mig welder, assembly and equipment restoration. Student projects include steel fabrication, tractor restoration and large engines. Students will pay for parts and materials used, as well as a deposit for safety equipment. Students interested in advanced welding training should plan to take both semesters.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

610 Introduction to Ag Science

9-10

Lancaster

A leadership class for beginning FFA members where students learn management entrepreneurship, record keeping and other skills required for success in the FFA and in future business operations. The impact of Pennsylvania’s agricultural commodities in the global marketplace will be taught through team projects. Highly recommended for first year FFA members. This course may count as 0.5 Global Studies credit.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

611 Ag Business Economics

11-12

Lancaster

Economic principles are taught in an atmosphere of discussion. Classroom projects that simulate real-life situations encourage students to explore management strategies that maximize profits. Students learn how to manage credit for personal and business purposes. Meets requirements for Economics in the Social Studies department.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester

As a means of communication, the visual arts enable a student to observe, explore, and respond to life through many media and design skills. Discovering the creative process can draw one to the ultimate creator—God. Art courses cultivate reflection, criticism, and aesthetic sensitivity to cultural expressions worldwide. This awareness and appreciation for all of God's earth and people lead to constructive creativity and career choices which nurture our global society.


Courses with the ** are considered foundational courses for students pursuing an art career.

201 Artbeat

Grades 9-12

Lancaster

An excellent foundation for all the other art electives, this course focuses on what art is and why people create it. Students work with a variety of media and techniques, including drawing, painting, sculpting, and working with clay. Weekly lessons in art history help students appreciate a wide variety of art and artists.

Credits -

0.5

Duration -

1st semester

**202 Two-Dimensional Design

9-12

Lancaster

Learn to use the elements and principles of design to create exciting two-dimensional art work. Students will experiment with many techniques and media (pen and ink, colored pencils, acrylic paints, pastels, and more). Units in basic design, printmaking, and commercial art (typography and lay-out) are included in this studio course.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Artbeat or equivalent

Duration -

1st semester

203 Art in Action

9-12

Lancaster

Students put their artistic skills to active use beyond the classroom. Students will produce art with practical applications such as murals, illustration for publication, program covers, arts in chapel, public art and others. Group and individual projects may integrate art with skills from other disciplines. Emphasis on good design, excellent craftsmanship, communicating positive values, exploring career options and service to school and community.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Artbeat or equivalent

Duration -

2nd semester, alternate years. Offered 2017-2018.

204 Drawing

9-12

Lancaster

Emphasis is on learning to see. Basic drawing skills are developed along with experiments utilizing many techniques (contour, gesture, value) and media (pen and ink, brush, conte', charcoal, scratch board). Daily sketchbook assignments focus on development of specific drawing skills.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Artbeat or equivalent

Duration -

2nd semester

**206 Painting

10-12

Lancaster

This studio course provides experience in acrylic and watercolor painting. Emphasis is on color theory and the elements and principles of design. Students will experiment with unusual materials (sand, salt, rice paper), colors, and textures to enhance their paintings. (Lab fee $25)

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Drawing or instructor's permission.

Duration -

2nd semester

**207 Sculptural Design

9-12

Lancaster

Learning to use the elements and principles of design in their projects, students create three-dimensional forms in a variety of media, including wire, plaster, stone, clay and found objects. Studies in art history focus on the prehistoric to modern art periods.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Artbeat or equivalent

Duration -

1st semester

**211 Advanced Studio

11-12

Lancaster

Students will study their choice of drawing, painting, or three-dimensional design by following Advanced Placement Portfolio Guidelines. Course work combines art theory (self-paced study), sketchbook assignments, discussions, and independent projects. (Lab fee $25)

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Artbeat, Drawing and Painting or 2-D or 3-D; or special permission from an art instructor.

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

214 Digital Photography

9-12

Lancaster

Students continue making photographs, learning to use all the capabilities of their cameras, and improving the design of their images. Emphasis is on learning to use digital cameras, scanners, Photoshop and desktop printers for doing photography as well as continuing to develop “a photographic eye.” Class members sharpen their basic image editing (Photoshop) skills, as well as learn more advanced Photoshop tools such as curves, layers and masks. Ethical issues relating to digital imagery are explored. The course affords students the opportunity to do color photography, and helps students get started in photojournalism, commercial photography and fine art photography directions. Students must have access to a digital still camera capable of making images of at least 5-6 Megapixels. Highly recommended for student publications photographers. (Lab fee $40)

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Grade of "B-" or higher in Introduction to Photography.

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

216 Ceramics

9-12

Lancaster

Hand-building techniques and wheel-throwing skills are the focus of this course. Works by master potters and crafts persons are studied in conjunction with student projects. Both functional and sculptural/design assignments provide a wide range of experience in clay. Meets two periods a day. (Lab Fee $30)

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Artbeat or equivalent

Duration -

2nd semester.

217 Introduction to Photography

9-12

Lancaster

This course is an introduction to the field of Photography, both “classic” photography (film cameras, silver-based technology, wet darkroom, black-and-white photographs) and digital photography (computer “darkroom,” Photoshop, output to the web and to paper prints). Students learn to use their cameras better, to take more interesting, better-designed photographs, and to work with silver and digital methods for doing photography. Students must have access to a 35mm film camera capable of being used manually (LMH has film cameras for rent if necessary) and a digital camera. An excellent foundation for all other photography classes. Required for student publication photographers. (Lab fee $75)

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

220 Survey of Western Art

11-12

Lancaster

This college level course is a survey approach to the history and appreciation of Western art that examines the ways in which religious, social, political and philosophical concepts have been expressed in art. This course is an online dual enrollment course taught by an Eastern Mennonite University professor. Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for 3 college credits and technology. Optional Textbook: Art: A Brief History.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

213 Photography II (Silver-based)

10-12

Lancaster

This course emphasizes broadening and deepening photographic skills for students who love working in a traditional darkroom. Students explore creative use of camera controls, existing and studio lighting, flash techniques, the history of photography and principles of good composition. Class members make portraits, learn special darkroom techniques and become “master printers.” The class also chooses from a variety of projects, which often include photographing with antique cameras, hand coloring photographs, doing pinhole photography, completing a color photography project and more. (Lab fee $100)

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Grade "B-" or higher in Introduction to Photography.

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

The Bible curriculum at Lancaster Mennonite is designed to teach biblical truth, strengthen Christian convictions and assist youth in their faith journey. God is recognized as Creator of the universe. The message of God's power and faithfulness is presented through the biblical story. We believe God's ultimate revelation has come in the incarnation of Jesus Christ.

Students are challenged to make Jesus both Savior and Lord of their lives. Students learn how the Church grew . from a small group of believers in Palestine into the global body of Christ. Similarities and differences of Christianity's major branches are surveyed to discern their fundamental tenants of faith. The Sermon on the Mount and the Epistles become foundational as students are called to personal faith and a life of peacemaking,
servanthood and mission.

101 Creation and Promise

Required Course

9

Lancaster

This Bible course takes a thematic view of God’s narrative with humanity. The course begins with an introduction and overview the Bible. Following the Old Testament narrative, the themes covered in this course include: caring for God’s creation; listening to God’s voice; living God’s way; and working for God’s shalom. Each theme is studied using stories from the Old Testament, New Testament and more modern stories of God’s interaction with humanity. The themes of the course align with the Anabaptist Faith Practice Statements of Lancaster Mennonite School. Required.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

103 Jesus’ Story

Required Course

10

Lancaster

This Bible course takes a thematic view of God’s narrative with humanity. The course begins with an introduction and overview of the New Testament. Following the life of Jesus, the themes covered in this course include: following God’s call to love; being known and loved by God; celebrating diversity; being a citizen in the upside-down Kingdom; and practicing grace and forgiveness. Each theme is studied using stories from the Old Testament, New Testament and more modern stories of God’s interaction with humanity. The themes of the course align with the Anabaptist Faith Practice Statements of Lancaster Mennonite School. Required.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

104 Global Christianity

Required Course

11

Lancaster

This class is a study of Global Christianity from the birth of the church through the formation of Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox and other non-Western Christian faith streams, and the Reformation with an emphasis on the rise of the Anabaptist movement. This is followed by a study of the development and growth of the Anabaptist movement in North America and around the globe, other denominations, the rise of non-denominational churches and the Pentecostal movement. The class examines the current relationship between Christianity and culture, including other world religions, in settings around the world. Students are helped to understand their faith as they study Christianity in a global context. Required.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

105 Introduction to Bible

9-12

Lancaster

This course is designed to introduce international students to the Bible. Topics include navigation of the Bible, the God of the Bible, the rise of Christianity as a religion, and the concept of Church and Christian celebrations. In this course students will learn of key stories from the Old and New Testaments.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

105 Kingdom Living

Required Course

12

Lancaster

The themes for this course are: philosophy and theology; engaging with world religions; spiritual disciplines; and living in God’s Kingdom. This senior level Bible course challenges students to reflect on their own faith journey and culminates with a capstone project that focuses on an area of interest/service for the student, and how that interest/service connects to their own personal faith journey. Required.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

112 Spiritual Formation

12

Lancaster

This is a dual enrollment course with Eastern Mennonite University. This course may be taken instead of Kingdom Living and serves as an introduction to Christian Spiritual Formation, its roots in history as well as its present day implications on both a personal and communal level. It is grounded in the understanding that God is always active in our lives and in the world around us. Spiritual disciplines are one way that we open our eyes, ears, and hearts to God’s message for us and for the world. Looking and listening to God’s movement enables us to comprehend in a deeper way what it means to be a follower of Jesus in our broken world. Lectures, readings, discussions, papers, journal entries, meeting with a spiritual companion, weekly experiences with a small group and a class retreat form the basis for mutual learning. There is a cost for the dual enrollment and retreat.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Grade 12 students with a "B" or higher average.

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

The Business, Computer, and Information Technology curriculum is designed to meet the students' personal and career objectives, equipping students for the world of work, further education or mission. Emphasis is placed on both technical and personal skills necessary for success in the modern global business community. Course work is designed to build a basic understanding of the world of business. An emphasis on ethics and stewardship challenges students to be responsible Christian citizens.

620 Personal Finance

10-12

Lancaster

Concepts of personal financial management are examined from a Christian perspective. Emphasis is placed on career choice, preparing budgets, keeping personal income and expense records, completing simple tax returns, using credit, and understanding banking. Investments and risk management will be explored. This course may count as 0.5 math credit.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

*621/622 Financial Accounting

10-12

Lancaster

Financial accounting will introduce students to fundamental aspects of financial accounting. Students will learn to prepare accounting entries, financial statements and how to analyze the work presented. Additionally, students will be faced with real-world situations that business professionals are faced with on a daily basis. A strong emphasis will be placed on teamwork and communication skills.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

Yearlong

*630 Entrepreneurship

11-12

Lancaster

This course will teach students the skills needed to establish and manage a business and the characteristics required of a successful entrepreneur. Students will study and develop a business plan. Other topics studied include marketing, distribution, promotion, selling, financial management, and operations management.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

632 Introduction to Business

9-12

Lancaster

This course is a basic business course which introduces students to the world of business. Topics include the business environment, forms of business organization, management and leadership, human resources, and financial management. The course meets the requirements for Economics in the Social Studies Department.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester

633 Contemporary Business

11-12

Lancaster

This is a dual enrollment, fully online Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC) course (HACC BUSI-101) taught by an LM teacher with HACC adjunct faculty status. Students will be enrolled at both HACC and LMH, registering with HACC, receiving a HACC email, HACC grade, HACC credit (3), and HACC transcript. The course introduces students to the world of business. Topics include business environment, forms of business organizations, management and leadership, human resources, and financial management. This course meets the requirements for economics in the Social Studies Department. Students must pay a fee to HACC for 3 college credits and technology.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

634 Business Law

11-12

Lancaster

The importance of business law in everyday life is emphasized and provides practical guidelines for becoming practical consumers - both now and later. Topics covered are an introduction to law, contracts, bailments, employment, and property. A variety of application activities are provided to help reinforce legal principles studied.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

636 Introduction to International Business

10-12

Lancaster

The course explores the role and importance that international business plays in a diverse, global economy. This course discusses the environmental and cultural aspects of international business and the major functional areas of trade, investment, economic integration, and the international monetary system. There is also an emphasis on organizational strategy including entry modes, product development and marketing, operations, and human resources management. This course meets the requirements for Economics in the Social Studies Department. Second semester course for grades 10-12 Offered 2018-19. 0.5 credit

Credits -

.5

Duration -

One semester (second semester course)

637 Business Math

10-12

Lancaster

This course will strengthen the student's everyday math skills. Students review fundamental math principles. Calculations will be learned that apply to business applications, including income, manufacturing, sales, marketing and distribution. This course may count as 0.5 math credit.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester

Cooperative Programs with the Lancaster County Career and Technology Centers and Millersville University
of Pennsylvania (MU).

654 and 646 Career & Technology

Grades 11-12

Lancaster

A cooperative program with Lancaster County Career and Technology Centers. Juniors and seniors could be eligible for part-time or full-time 646 enrollment in certain vocational programs offered through the Lancaster County Career & Technology Center (LCCTC). A variety of programs are available related to the following fields: cosmetology, construction, technologies and visual communication. Descriptions of programs can be found online. Career and technology center students will complete a project at LCCTC that will count for their senior presentation. Anyone interested should consult with their school counselor as early as the sophomore year to plan accordingly. Students in full day classes at the Career and Technology Center will be charged a records fee. Additional part time fees are charged for students taking one or more classes on the Lancaster Campus. Records fee for the 2015-16 year was $168.

Credits -

3.0 or 6.0 credits available

Diversified Occupations and Service is designed to benefit both students who will enter the job market after graduation and those who continue their formal education. Diversified Occupations and Service educates students to realize the many occupational opportunities in society and to evaluate their interests and abilities. It also enables them to acquire valuable skills and knowledge, and to provide the opportunity for realistic job experiences. Students are helped to understand that to be a Christian is our primary vocation regardless of how we may earn a living.

644 Diversified Occupations

12

Lancaster

Students will be required to be in the classroom the first few days of class to complete required paperwork. This class provides students with the opportunity to receive occupational instruction and realistic on-the-job experiences that cannot be offered in the classroom setting. Students are required to find their own employment with an employer who is willing to participate in such a program. Students are required to work at least 15 hours a week for the full semester, usually during the three afternoon classes and in many cases until 5:00 p.m. International students must have valid U.S. working papers. The students will also plan and attend a breakfast banquet for all of the employers at the end of the semester. The program is flexible to meet the needs of individual students.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

2nd semester

651 Service

9-12

Lancaster

Service provides students an opportunity to help a teacher. No credit is given for this experience.

Credits -

.0

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

652 Peer Tutoring

9-12

Lancaster

Students will have the opportunity to explore the teaching profession working in Learning Support or with middle school students. They will contribute to the education of individual students or small groups of students through individualization, modeling, motivation, and develop an understanding of similarities they share. Students participating in this program must have a satisfactory school conduct grade and need to be approved by the faculty member they are working with and a guidance counselor. Students should indicate their interest in Peer Tutoring on their course selection form each year.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

702 Driver Education (Classroom)

Driver Education classroom training is incorporated into the Health/Safety Education class. See courses 701/702 under Health, Safety, and Physical Education.

702 Driver Education (Behind-the-Wheel)

This phase of driver education consists of six hours of actual behind-the-wheel instruction in the car. Instruction is available to students with learner's permits or licenses. Students are placed on a rotating schedule so that they miss a different set of classes each time they drive. Students getting their permits in May, June, or July are encouraged to contact their local public schools to get behind-the-wheel training during the summer months. Students do not register for behind-the-wheel training as a separate course. As soon as a student receives his/her learner's permit from the state, he/she shall report his/her desire for behind-the-wheel training to the school office. The fee is set annually. Fee for 2015-16 was $350.

The study of language arts develops the communication skills students will need in their work place, in further education and in service for the Kingdom of God. As students read and respond to literature from various times and cultures, they begin to understand more about themselves, the world, and questions and values of their society. Learning critical thinking skills enables students to become discerning consumers of mass media. By reading on a regular basis, students establish reading habits which provide lifelong recreation and access to information. Thinking and communication skills enable students to articulate their ideas, feelings, values and faith.

218A/218B Foundations of English

9-10

Lancaster

This is a skill-building course designed to prepare students to develop the necessary literacy skills to succeed in English 101, and to provide a foundation in reading level development, vocabulary building, writing and editing strategies, and study skills. Students may only take this course at the recommendation of Learning Support, Guidance, or the teacher.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

Yearlong

221A/221B English 101

Required Course

9-10

Lancaster

Writing, grammar, and vocabulary are studied in conjunction with literature. Units of study include short stories, drama, poetry, nonfiction, ancient epic, and the novel.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

Yearlong

237 Communication and Analysis

Required Course

11

Lancaster

The purpose of this course is to study and practice the life skills of listening, speaking, and writing. This media literacy course emphasizes the organization and presentation of information for various purposes and audiences. Contemporary uses of media, including entertainment and advertising are analyzed and evaluated from a Christian perspective. Semester course required of all juniors.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

233 Academic Writing

10-12

Lancaster

This course focuses on advancing and strengthening critical thinking and academic writing skills. Students write several short papers including essays and a short research paper. Academic Writing is a prerequisite to Advanced Writing.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

*235 Advanced Writing

11-12

Lancaster

Students are guided through the writing of several papers, including an extensive research paper. This course for college-bound students practices a peer revision model to give and receive feedback.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Academic Writing

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

240 Writing Skills

10-12

Lancaster

This course addresses the basic writing skills needed to succeed in Academic Writing and literature courses. Emphasis is on sentence structure, paragraph structure, grammar, and mechanics.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Teacher recommendation

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

245 Career English

11-12

Lancaster

Students learn the written and oral communication skills necessary to get a job and function well in a work environment.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

*250 English Composition I (Advanced Placement)

11-12

Lancaster

Designed to develop fluency in writing clear, forceful, and effective prose, this course, when taken in conjunction with Introduction to Literature (AP), is intended to prepare students to take the AP Literature and Composition exam for college credit. By paying an additional registration fee and course fee and taking a placement exam, students may receive college credit for this course through Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC). All students registering for English Composition I must take and pass HACC’s placement exam. This is a weighted class.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

226 Literature of the Christian Faith

10-12

Lancaster

Selected works of various types from Christian writers are studied as literature and as inspirational writings. The use of Christian themes by non-Christian authors is also noted.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester, alternate years. Offered 2017-2018.

229 Themes in Literature

10-12

Lancaster

The literature studied is organized around themes of high interest to students. Themes include death, love, courage, and friendship.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

*230 British Literature

10-12

Lancaster

Students study the major authors of the principal literary periods from Beowulf to 20th century poetry such as Shakespeare and Romanticism, and become aware of recurring themes that link students of today with people of all times.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

234 Literature of the Bible

10-12

Lancaster

The artistic dimension of the Bible is emphasized through careful study of various types of literature found in it and through the study of biblical influence in literature, art, and music.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester, alternate years. Offered 2018-2019.

*236 Advanced Reading

11-12

Lancaster

Designed for the student with above average ability and self-discipline, this course allows students to plan their own curriculum from a list of books suggested for the college bound. Students receive guidance in reading critically and respond in writing and orally to each book read.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

*244 U.S. Literature

10-12

Lancaster

A survey course sampling United States literature from the colonial times through the 20th century, U.S. Literature will explore how works relate to their historical and social contexts, the Christian worldview, and their writers’ view of life. U.S. Literature will correlate to the AP U.S. History curriculum.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

*246 World Literature

10-12

Lancaster

Students will examine classic and contemporary world literature, exploring thematic threads which connect the works despite their varied cultural traditions, helping to broaden the students’ perspectives. Designed for the student with above average ability and self-discipline, this course allows students to plan their own curriculum from a list of books suggested for the college bound. Students receive guidance in critical reading and respond orally and in writing to each book.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

*259 Introduction to Literature (Advanced Placement)

12

Lancaster

Designed to develop understanding and to increase human experience through literature, this college level course, when taken in conjunction with English Composition I, is intended to prepare students to take the AP Literature and Composition exam for college credit. The major literary types (poetry, fiction, and drama) are defined and illustrated through examples drawn from English and American literature as well as other literatures of the world. By paying an additional registration fee and course fee and taking a placement exam, students may receive college credit for this course through Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC). This is a weighted class.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester

227 Journalism

10-12

Lancaster

This course introduces students to the various types and styles of journalistic writing. An elective course, Journalism is recommended for students considering applying to school publications.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester

247 Yearbook

11-12

Lancaster

Staff members use a period daily to work on the yearbook. Only students already appointed to the staff should include this in their schedule. Students receive a pass or fail grade.

Credits -

.25

Prerequisites -

Journalism, Photography, and/or Two-dimensional Design (recommended)

Duration -

1st semester

*248 Speech

11-12

Lancaster

Students learn to deal with fear and nervousness and to be confident and effective in a speaking situation. Class activities include group discussions, extemporaneous and memorized speeches, and critiques. An emphasis is on applying speech skills outside of class.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Communication and Analysis

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

249 Creative Writing

11-12

Lancaster

The writing of short stories, poetry, and plays encourages imaginative expression. For students who enjoy writing and are ready for a challenge.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

261 Drama: Performance

11-12

Lancaster

This class introduces the art of drama as communication. Students are challenged to develop skill in vocal articulation, projection, improvisation, stage presence, and familiarization with dramatic terms.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

262 Ecology and Science Fiction

11-12

Lancaster

This is a dual enrollment course with Eastern Mennonite University. This college level course focuses on stories, either as graphic novels, books, or film, that give us hope for the future or terrify us toward making change. Stories can make us feel content or they can cast a vision for a better future. The narratives we consume shape our worldview all the while providing entertainment. This book-club-like course explores the common themes of ecology and theology expressed through the vision of various science fiction authors, both classic and new. Required Textbook: Science Fiction: A Very Brief Introduction Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for 3 college credits and technology.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

264 Theatre and Justice

11-12

Lancaster

This is an online dual enrollment course with Eastern Mennonite University. Theatre is one of many powerful tools used to address injustice in the world. In this course, students will research and analyze various theatre artists, dramatic literature, productions and theorists that use theatre as their medium for change in the world. Particular emphasis will be on identifying the actors and the stage that comprise the theatre of social and other online communities. Required Textbooks: Engaging Performance: Theatre as Call and Response Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for 3 college credits and technology.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

ESL classes serve students who are learning English as a non-native language. The goal of ESL is to bring students to a level of English proficiency whereby they can participate fully in other academic courses and transition successfully to post-secondary education.
Initial placement for incoming students is based primarily on the English proficiency test score submitted with the student’s application (TOEFL iBT, TOEFL JR, ITEP SLATE or IELTS).

Movement between levels is determined by teacher recommendations, grades in ESL and other courses, and updated proficiency test scores. It is not uncommon for students to remain at the same level for multiple semesters. Since most colleges require a TOEFL iBT score of at least 80 for admission, students who desire to exit the high school ESL program are expected to score at least near that level.

Additional fees are charged for all levels of ESL. Fees are adjusted each semester to reflect the student’s current level. Please refer to our website or contact our business office for current ESL fees.

222A/222B ESL Level 2

9-12

Lancaster

Level 2 focuses on improving students’ basic English skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Class work and assignments are designed to help students increase their vocabulary and communication skills in order to participate in school life and work toward functioning in a regular classroom. Students in Level 2 do not take another English class. ESL Level 2 meets for three periods each day.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

223A/223B ESL Level 3

9-12

Lancaster

Level 3 serves to help improve students' English communication skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening to a level where they can begin to function in a regular classroom. Students also receive language level appropriate assignments and testing in their regular courses as well as advocacy by the ESL Level 3 teacher. Students in Level 3 generally do not take another English class. ESL Level 3 meets one period each day.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

224A/224B ESL Level 4

9-12

Lancaster

Level 4 is designed to assist students with a smooth transition to all regular classes, especially English classes, without modifications. Students focus on vocabulary development, academic writing skills, literature reading and interpretation, and test-taking skills (especially the TOEFL iBT). ESL Level 4 students may, with teacher recommendation, take an additional English course. Students taking ESL 4 are required to take the TOEFL iBT, TOEFL JR., ITEP SLATE, or IELTS as a part of each semester's coursework and grade. A TOEFL/iBT score of 75 or equivalent is needed to successfully complete the program. In addition, students are required to participate in an extra-curricular activity.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

The Family and Consumer Sciences curriculum is designed to increase students' knowledge and skills in the area of human development, family relationships, consumerism, foods and nutrition, clothing and textiles, and housing and interior decorating. Our goal is to manage with reason and creativity the challenges across the life span of living and working in a global society. Emphasis is placed on the responsible and biblical use of resources which incorporate Christian values to enhance the quality of family life.

659 Nutritional Science

10-12

Lancaster

Nutritional Science, also known as Food Science, is the study of the production, processing, preparation, evaluation and utilization of food. It is based on many other areas of science such as chemistry, biology, physics, and psychology (none of these areas are prerequisites to take the course.) Nutritional Science includes food labs to reinforce the study of the basic nutrients, leavening agents, fermentation, food safety and sanitation. This includes the use of scientific methods in laboratory experiments and food labs. Counts as 0.5 credit of science. (Lab Fee $45)

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester

660 Chinese Culinary Arts

10-12

Lancaster

This is an introductory course that focuses on Chinese foods, basic theories and methods of cooking, terminology, kitchen practices and lifestyle, history of Chinese cooking, food ingredients and their functions. Lab work and video presentations will cover Chinese cuisine and popular Chinese holiday dishes. The course will compare Western foods and preparation to Chinese foods and preparation. Additional cultural topics include hospitality, human longevity, impact on environment and medical systems. (Minimum Lab Fee $45)

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Foods and Nutrition

Duration -

semester

664 Child Development

11-12

Lancaster

This course is for students considering a child care/education career or becoming a mother/father someday. Physical, mental, emotional and social development of a child from conception to age 6 is studied. Special topics covered include pregnancy, birth, discipline, play, brain, child abuse and children with special needs. Story time once a week for 12 weeks is planned and implemented by the classes and is open to community participation.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

665 Food and Nutrition I

9-12

Lancaster

This course is an introduction to food preparation, cooking techniques, equipment and fundamental nutrition concepts and food appreciation. A variety of learning experiences include projects, experiments, and cooking labs are used to reinforce concepts. Nutrition as it relates to present eating habits and health concerns are studied. Meal preparation, presentation and styles of service are exemplified in Christmas and Spring Teas, apple pie contests. (Lab Fee $45)

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

666 Foods and Nutrition II

9-12

Lancaster

Units of study include yeast breads, international foods, meal planning, fast foods, gourmet cooking and nutrition issues among others. Group research projects and labs expose students to advanced food preparation techniques, food consumerism and world food issues. (Lab Fee $45)

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Foods and Nutrition I, except for seniors who have instructor's approval.

Duration -

2nd semester

667 Fashion and Design I

10-12

Lancaster

An introduction to the study of apparel design, merchandising and consumerism, this course will emphasize basic elements of clothing design and construction with insights into career possibilities in this field. Students will study history of fashion, textile fundamentals and equipment usage, culminating with the construction of at least three original garments. Students will purchase fabric and supplies for garments.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester

668 Housing and Interior Decorating

10-12

Lancaster

This course helps students design a future "home." Included are housing designs and cultural influences on them, current and historic house styles, floor plans and furniture selection with an emphasis on current trends in home decorating. Career possibilities are explored. The use of the principles and elements of design in housing and interior decorating are utilized in the final presentation sample board.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester, alternate years. Offered 2017-2018.

669 Creative Crafts

9-12

Lancaster

This course encourages students to combine creativity with basic skills and techniques of sewing, basket weaving, stenciling, cake decorating, quilting, candle making, etc.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester, alternate years. Offered 2018-2019.

670 Fashion and Design II

10-12

Lancaster

This course provides students with the opportunity to learn modern techniques of clothing constructions, the basic elements and principles of design as applied in dress and consumer information on fabric and fabric care. Students will purchase fabric and supplies for garments.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Fashion and Design I

Duration -

1st semester

Maintaining physical health and development is essential for a Christian. Our bodies are the "temples of God" and therefore must be respected and cared for properly. Physical activities not only maintain healthy bodies but also provide an outlet for normal energies and stress. It is hoped that exercise combined with the
classroom study of the physical and psychological person will instill in students a meaningful understanding of themselves.

701/702 Health/Safety Education—Driver Education

Required Course

10

Lancaster

Specific units in health include fitness, wellness and first aid. The driver education component includes the thirty hours of classroom instruction required of a state approved driver-training program. Students desiring behind-the-wheel instruction need to arrange separately for it (see "Driver Education"). Students in grades 11 or 12 who wish to take only the driver education course should make special arrangements with their guidance counselor. Required for 10th grade.

Credits -

.25 credit each for Health and Driver Education, .5 credit total

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

703 Health—9

Required Course

9

Lancaster

Classroom units include injury prevention and safety, individual growth and development, substance abuse, personal health, nutrition and exercise. Required for all 9th graders.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

704 Physical Education—9

Required Course

9

Lancaster

This course introduces students to a variety of team and lifetime sports activities. The following individual and team sports will be offered: fitness and weight training, football, softball, soccer, basketball, and volleyball. Required for all 9th grade students.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

783 Physical Education—10

Required Course

10

Lancaster

This course encourages students to develop a lifetime fitness plan that will meet their personal needs. The following individual and team sports will be offered: tennis, speedball, volleyball, weight training, team handball, badminton, and outdoor education. Required.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

787 Fall Team Sports

11-12

Lancaster

The major team sports in this unit include basketball, touch or flag football, soccer, softball, street hockey, and volleyball. Each student will be required to dress-out and participate in the activity selected for that day. This will be an exciting class for persons who enjoy playing team sports and want to get in shape at the same time. This class is not geared for the varsity athlete who wants to perfect his/her skills so they can compete at the varsity level.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester

788 Spring Team Sports

11-12

Lancaster

The major team sports in this unit include indoor/outdoor soccer, basketball, volleyball, street hockey, and styx ball (lacrosse). Each student will be required to dress-out and participate in the activity selected for that day. This will be an exciting class for persons who enjoy playing team sports and want to get in shape at the same time. This class is not geared for the varsity athlete who wants to perfect his/her skills in order to compete at the varsity level.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

789 Weight Training and Conditioning

11-12

Lancaster

The emphasis on this class will be on physical fitness (cardiovascular endurance) and weight training. Each student will participate in a circuit-type weight training program geared for his/her own personal needs and abilities. The purpose of this class will be to develop and maintain a high level of cardiovascular endurance and good muscle tone throughout the body. Each student will be evaluated on his/her own merit and they will not be compared to other students in the class. A great class for persons who like the challenge of setting personal goals and are willing to work hard to reach those goals.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

790 Weight Training and Conditioning II

11-12

Lancaster

For students who wish to continue their program beyond the first course.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Weight Training and Conditioning I

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

791 Weight Training and Conditioning III

11-12

Lancaster

For students who wish to continue their program beyond the second course.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Weight Training and Conditioning II

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

793 Lifetime Sports

11-12

Lancaster

This course exposes students to a variety of games and leisure activities that can be utilized to help to maintain fitness over one’s lifetime. Examples of activities include Disc Golf, Racquetball Sports, Bocce, Group Games, etc.

Credits -

0.5

Duration -

First or second semester

Mathematics holds a central place in academic traditions and is a factor in the advancement of civilization. Mathematics is used in science and technology and is a basic tool for logical reasoning and decision-making processes. Mathematics is a common language in the global community and as such transcends national boundaries and becomes a useful model for the Christian community. Through mathematics, we see the beauty of God's creation as expressed in nature's symmetry and designs. It affirms God's awesome power.

400 AP Computer Science Principles

10-12

Lancaster

With a unique focus on creative problem solving and real-world applications, the AP Computer Science Principles course gives students the opportunity to explore several important topics of computing including Web Development, Programming, Digital Information, The Internet and Data. Students will use their own ideas and creativity to create artifacts of personal value including a final collaborative project. This course will also develop an interest in computer science that will foster further endeavors in the field. This course counts for math or science credit.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Algebra I

Duration -

Yearlong

401/102 Foundations of Math

9-12

Lancaster

This course includes a variety of mathematical areas used in daily life. Students will work collaboratively and independently as they develop problem solving and critical thinking skills. Beginning algebraic concepts will also be introduced. Relevant daily living projects and assignments are included.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

Yearlong

403 Computer Science Principles

10-12

Lancaster

With a unique focus on creative problem solving and real-world applications, the Computer Science Principles course gives students the opportunity to explore Web development and Programming. This course will run concurrently with the AP Computer Science Principles course. While covering some of the same material the pace and scope will vary. Students will use their own ideas and creativity to create artifacts of personal value including a final collaborative project. This course will also develop an interest in computer science that will foster further endeavors in the field. This course counts for math or science credit.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Algebra I

Duration -

Yearlong

*405/406 Algebra I

9-12

Lancaster

This course focuses on extensive use of linear and simple quadratic equations, graphing, functions and relationships, and integrates geometry and algebra. Scientific calculators are required. Students are exposed to graphing calculators.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

Yearlong

*407/408 Algebra II

9-12

Lancaster

Builds upon concepts learned in Algebra I. New topics include trigonometry, quadratic relations, and logarithms. A graphics calculator* is required which costs approximately $80-$95. (*Recommended brands: TI-83+ or TI-84)

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

At least a "C" in Algebra I; At least a "C" in Geometry

Duration -

Yearlong

*409/410 Geometry

9-12

Lancaster

This course investigates a range of subjects including Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Geometry, spatial relations, logic, proof, congruence, transformations, polygons, circles, and the dimensions of various figures. This course reviews Algebra 1 content on a regular basis.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

At least a "C" in Algebra I

Duration -

Yearlong

411/412 Geometry (Part 1)

9-12

Lancaster

This course covers the first half of Geometry and investigates a range of subjects, including Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Geometry, spatial relations, logic, proof, congruence, transformations, polygons, circles, and the dimensions of various figures. This course reviews Algebra 1 content on a regular basis.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

At least a "C" in Algebra I or Algebra I, Part 2

Duration -

Yearlong

414 Computer Science

9-12

Lancaster

The main emphasis of this course is on programming and is oriented toward solving mathematics problems. Students will create some small games as well. It is strongly recommended that students taking this course enjoy math and problem solving. Keyboarding skills are helpful. Not offered in 2017-18.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Algebra I

Duration -

2nd semester

*415/416 Pre-Calculus

10-12

Lancaster

An elective which follows Algebra I and II and Geometry. It prepares students for college work in mathematics. The structure of the number system is stressed. Topics include sequences and series, mathematical induction, vectors, and trigonometry. A graphics calculator is required.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

At least a "C" in Algebra II and Geometry

Duration -

Yearlong

*417/418 Advanced Placement Calculus

11-12

Lancaster

Covers differentiation and integration and some of their applications. Limits and analytic geometry also receive quite a bit of attention. Students taking this course may take the Advanced Placement exam and should be able to test out of at least one semester of college calculus. A graphics calculator is required. This is a weighted class.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

At least a "C" in Advanced Math

Duration -

Yearlong

419/420 Algebra I (Part 1)

9-12

Lancaster

This course integrates algebra and geometry concepts at a slower pace. The course focuses on linear concepts and basic geometry. This course prepares students for Algebra I (Part 2). Students should have a scientific calculator.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

Yearlong

421 Statistics

11-12

Lancaster

The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions from data by exploring data, planning a study, producing models and confirming models by statistical inference. This academic class prepares students for either college or the world of work. A T1-83+ or T1-84 graphing calculator is required.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

At least a "C" in Algebra II and completion of ESL 4

Duration -

1st semester

*423/424 Advanced Placement Statistics

11-12

Lancaster

The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. Students are exposed to four broad conceptual themes: exploring data, planning a study, and producing models using probability and simulation, and statistical inference. Students completing this class will be prepared for the Advanced Placement Statistics Exam. A TI-83 or TI-84 graphing calculator is required. This is a weighted class.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

At least a "C" in Advanced Math and completion of ESL 4

Duration -

Yearlong

434/435 Algebra I (Part 2)

9-12

Lancaster

This course is a sequel to Algebra I (Part 1) and integrates algebra and geometry concepts. This course covers linear and quadratic equations, graphing, and functions in addition to basic geometry. Students who complete both parts of Algebra Parts 1 & 2 will have completed a full Algebra I course with basic geometry. Students should have a scientific calculator. They will be exposed to graphing calculators. This course prepares students for Geometry.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Must have at least a "C" grade in Algebra I (Part 1)

Duration -

Yearlong

436/437 Geometry (Part 2)

9-12

Lancaster

This course is a sequel to Geometry, Part 1 and continues to investigate a range of subjects, including Euclidean and Non-Euclidean Geometry, spatial relations, logic, proof, congruence, transformations, polygons, circles, and the dimensions of various figures. This course reviews Algebra 1 content on a regular basis.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

At least a "C" in Geometry, Part 1

Duration -

Yearlong

Music is an art form expressed in composing, performing, participating and listening, and is an important element in worship. What students experience and explore in music at Lancaster Mennonite School can significantly impact music in the church, cultivating aesthetic enjoyment, social and cultural understandings,
and a faith relationship with God. Music experiences, especially in ensembles, promote social as well as personal development. Skills developed in music can be used for a lifetime.

267 Voice Class

9-12

Lancaster

Voice Class is open to all students. It is highly recommended for Concert Chorale and Campus Chorale members. Emphasis is placed upon proper singing technique. Song literature includes many different styles. Students may be asked to purchase their own music. A public recital concludes the course. It is recommended that students take Exploring Music before taking this course.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester

271 Music Theory I

9-12

Lancaster

Music Theory I opens the doors of music to students, taking what they know and have experienced in music and adding the fun of discovering how music is put together. Students examine how to get the most from music, all the ways it can be used (listening, performing, composing), and music history. Students will learn to create short songs. In order to be a successful member of Concert Choir or Campus Chorale or in order to take AP Music, students should take this course.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st semester

272 Guitar I

10-12

Lancaster

For the beginning guitar student. Each student is asked to purchase a text and have his/her own acoustic guitar. It is advisable to have some background in music before taking this course; however, previous experience is not required.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

274 Guitar II

10-12

Lancaster

Students continue to develop their guitar skills in Guitar II. Each student is asked to purchase a text and have his/her own acoustic guitar.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Guitar I

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

275/276 Concert Choir

9-12

Lancaster

Concert Choir is a non-auditioned choir. In addition to singing good choral literature and preparing for performances, emphasis is placed on proper habits for singers, sight-reading music skills, and choral blend. The group may perform in several church programs besides the school concerts. Regular attendance at rehearsals is essential for good ensemble work. Participation in all scheduled concerts is expected. A yearlong commitment is preferred.

Credits -

.5 credit/semester

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

279/280 Campus Chorale

11-12

Lancaster

Admission is by audition. Members are chosen on the basis of musical and vocal ability, personal discipline, and spiritual maturity. Campus Chorale is the main performing choir of LMH and gives programs in local churches, participates in the MSEC Choir Festival, and an adjudicated choir festival. Members are required to participate in all scheduled performances unless specifically excused by the director. Choir members are expected to pay for their own choir outfits, as well as any other fees related to the Campus Chorale. Regular attendance at rehearsals is essential.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

Yearlong

282 Appreciating Music Making

11-12

Lancaster

This is a dual enrollment course with Eastern Mennonite University. This college level course focuses on experiential learning and introduces music from the insider’s perspective in order for students to explore creative processes involved in music making. Class content is organized topically, including notation systems, ensembles, composition, improvisation, music philosophies, film music, and music and worship from both Western and non-Western perspectives. Students will develop informed listening skills and cultivate an appreciation for the many contexts of music in our daily lives. Familiarity with music notation is not required. Required Textbooks: What to Listen For in Music and Thinking Musically: Experiencing Music, Expressing Culture. Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for 3 college credits and technology.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

285 Piano Lab

9-12

Lancaster

Piano lab is an introductory piano course. Students would benefit from taking Music Theory I or its equivalent before coming into the class. Students will be asked to pay for the text. Advanced students may work independently. Students will be expected to play in a recital.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

The instrumental ensembles of the school are made up of the String Orchestra, the Concert Band and the Jazz Band. Students are expected to stay with the ensemble they have chosen for the entire school year. Students should have their own instruments and should be taking private lessons on their instrument outside the school time. The school owns a few instruments that may be rented at a reasonable rate. Attendance at all rehearsals and scheduled concerts is expected. Students will be asked to cover costs related to the MSEC Band and Orchestra Festival.

Full year course for grades 9-12

265/266 String Orchestra

9-12

Lancaster

String orchestra is open to students from grades 9-12 by audition. The string orchestra rehearses five periods a week. Sectionals may take place on alternate days. Students normally are expected to provide their own instruments and be able to read music. A yearlong commitment is preferred.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

Yearlong

269/270 Concert Band

9-12

Lancaster

Concert band is open to students from grades 9-12 by audition. Concert band rehearses twice a week and SELECT STUDENTS meet with the Symphony Orchestra once a week. Sections which have too many instruments for the orchestra may be asked to work as separate ensembles. Students normally are expected to provide their own instruments and be able to read music.

Credits -

.6

Duration -

Yearlong

273/278 Jazz Ensemble

9-12

Lancaster

Jazz ensemble meets twice a week (opposite band rehearsals). Members of the Jazz Ensemble who play wind instruments normally must also be members of the concert band. The pep band is comprised of Jazz Ensemble members. Regular attendance at rehearsals and any agreed upon concerts is expected.

Credits -

.4

Duration -

Yearlong

Private vocal and instrumental instruction is available for students wanting to enhance their performance skills.

Arrangements for lessons are made through the music department. Lesson fees are paid to the instructor.

Science is a way of discovery that provides for intellectual stimulation and development. It is fundamental in helping to equip students to live responsibly in a technological world.

The marvels of the physical world reflect God's glory as both creator and sustainer. The tools of science help to explore the workings of nature and to unlock some of its wonders. We affirm that truth has its source in God. Therefore the discoveries of science, rightly understood, proclaim God as supreme in the physical as well as the spiritual realm.

451 Environmental Science

9-12

Lancaster

With the campus as our extended laboratory we will explore how God's earth operates. We will examine the gifts of atmosphere, aquatic systems, and the land and how they have been used and misused. The goal is to prepare us to be good stewards of God's creation. Meets two periods per day.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

453 Biology

9-12

Lancaster

God's gift of life to plants, animals and people is marvelous. Biology helps us awaken these wonders. A variety of laboratory and class activities is designed to lay a foundation to understand the living world, both for persons who will take advanced studies as well as those who do not. 9th grade students selecting Biology should have an "A" in 8th grade math/science

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Completion of Algebra I with an A or B, or completion of Environmental Science.

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester; meets two periods per day

453A/453B Biology

9-12

Lancaster

God's gift of life to plants, animals and people is marvelous. Biology helps us awaken these wonders. A variety of laboratory and class activities is designed to lay a foundation to understand the living world, both for persons who will take advanced studies as well as those who do not. 9th grade students selecting Biology should have an "A" in 8th grade math/science

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Completion of Algebra I with an A or B, or completion of Environmental Science.

Duration -

Yearlong

453R Biology Research

9-10

Lancaster

Biology for students who are interested in pursuing science fair topics while completing the full biology curriculum. Each student will be responsible for completing a science fair project that addresses kingdom values, specifically Matthew 25:34-45. Students selecting Research Biology should be self-motivated having an “A” in 8th grade math/science or “B” and above in Environmental Science. Meets two periods per day.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Environmental Science strongly advised

Duration -

1st semester

*455 Chemistry

10-12

Lancaster

This course examines the structure and properties of matter, and investigates the interaction of elements and compounds that permeate the world around us. It is designed for the college bound student, although it is encouraged for everyone. Student lab work and demonstrations are integrated with the reading and problem solving involved in this course of study.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Geometry

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester; meets two periods per day

*456 Honors Chemistry

10-12

Lancaster

This course examines the structure and properties of matter and investigates interactions of elements and compounds that permeate the world around us. It is designed as an option to be taken instead of chemistry for those college-bound students who may be interested in a science or math related field. Student lab work and demonstrations are integrated with the reading and problem solving involved in this course of study. Meets two periods per day.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Students taking this course should have received an A or B in previous science/math classes and be enrolled concurrently in or have completed Algebra II.

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

*457A/457B Advanced Placement Chemistry

11-12

Lancaster

This course is a second year chemistry class designed for the highly motivated college bound student with a special interest in the sciences. It will involve a deeper study of matter with a closer look at the steps involved in how it changes. It will prepare students for taking the AP Chemistry exam in May which will enable them to obtain up to eight college credits. This is a weighted class.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Must have completed first year chemistry with an "A" or "B". Completed or enrolled in Advanced Math. Biology and Physics recommended.

Duration -

Yearlong, offered in alternate years with Advanced Environmental Science. Offered 2018-2019.

*458 Advanced Placement Physics

11-12

Lancaster

This course is normally a second year physics class designed for the highly motivated college bound student who has a special interest in engineering or physics. This is a calculus based physics course that will prepare students to take the Advanced Placement Physics “C” test in Mechanics. Topics we will cover are kinematics, Newton’s laws of motion, work, energy, power, linear momentum, circular motion, rotation, oscillations and gravitation. Labs will be more extensive than honors physics labs and will take place about once a week. Throughout the course a lot of emphasis will be placed on problem solving. This is a weighted class. Meets two periods per day.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Must have completed first year physics with an "A" or "B". Completed or enrolled in AP Calculus. Biology and Chemistry recommended.

Duration -

2nd semester

*459 Physics

11-12

Lancaster

This course is an inquiry based course which examines the physical laws which describe our universe. Lab work is essential to the course and provides opportunity to explore and apply these physical laws. Concepts covered are drawn from the areas of motion, energy, static and current electricity, and wave theory. Meets two periods per day.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Chemistry and Algebra II

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

*460 Honors Physics

11-12

Lancaster

This course may be taken instead of Physics 459. Students will examine the physical laws which describe our universe. Designing labs, performing labs and problem solving is essential to the course. The labs and problems are more in depth and complex than in Physics 459. Requirements include attending and successfully completing the Hersheypark Physics Day lab (Cost is approximately $25 and only for students taking the course in the spring), completing a project which, depending on what you build, may also cost additional money. Meets two periods per day.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Must have completed Algebra II and Chemistry with an "A" or "B".

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

*464 Advanced Environmental Science

11-12

Lancaster

This course will focus on the scientific study of our environment and the impact we have on it. It includes examining land and energy use, water and air quality, and our impact on the various ecosystems around the world. Our own campus will provide us with hands on lab work. Students planning on taking the AP exam are encouraged to also take Forestry and the Environment or Wildlife and Fisheries Science.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Must have completed biology and chemistry with an "A" or "B". Physics recommended.

Duration -

2nd semester, offered in alternate years with AP Chemistry. Offered 2017-2018.

*466 Anatomy and Physiology

11-12

Lancaster

This course emphasizes human anatomy and physiology. It is of special interest for, but not limited to, students interested in health and medical-related fields.

Credits -

.5

Prerequisites -

Must have completed biology and chemistry with an "A" or "B". Physics recommended.

Duration -

2nd semester

*468/469 Advanced Placement Biology

11-12

Lancaster

This is a rigorous and demanding second-year biology class designed for the highly motivated college-bound student with a special interest in the sciences. The course will focus on four main themes: cellular biology, molecular genetics, biological systems, and population genetics. A significant amount of studying must be completed at home to allow time for discussion, labs, and inquiry during class time. The course will prepare students to take the AP Biology exam in May which may enable them to obtain college credits. This is a weighted class.

Credits -

1.0

Prerequisites -

Must have completed biology and chemistry with an "A" or "B". Completed or enrolled in Advanced Math. Physics recommended.

Duration -

Yearlong

470 Food and Population

11-12

Lancaster

This is an online dual enrollment course with Eastern Mennonite University professor. This college level course is an examination of the biological and demographic aspects of the world food and population problems, including economic, political, ethical and theological contributions to the problems and solutions. Current international events that shape global food and population problems will also be addressed. Required Textbooks: Omnivore’s Dilemma, Can We Feed the World?: The Future of Food, and Cod: A Biography of the Fish That Changed the World. Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for 3 college credits and technology.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

Social Studies courses are taught within the context of Christian education. We recognize God's sovereignty in history and the affairs of humankind. A global emphasis encourages appreciation for the heritage and cultural diversity of our world. The study of current events and issues of human need reflect concern for peace and justice throughout the world. Students are challenged to become responsible citizens of their country with an ultimate loyalty to the Kingdom of God.

303 Global Studies

9

Lancaster

The theme of this course is the value of an appreciation of cultural diversity and a respect for all cultures. This course highlights issues such as migration, conflict, religion, race and ethnicity, and political and economic systems within a regional framework. Regions covered in this course include Latin America, Africa, Central and Southwest Asia, South Asia, and East Asia. Students intending to take AP World History in 10th grade are not required to take this class as much of the content is incorporated into the AP World History class.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

305 Recent World History

10

Lancaster

This course will focus on world events from 1500s to the present, with special emphasis on the growth of the political, economic, and social institutions of Europe, East Asia, South Asia, Africa, Southwest and Central Asia, and the Americas along with the relationship of past events to current situations.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

309 U.S. History

11

Lancaster

This survey course begins with the 1870s and continues to the present day. One goal is to acquaint students with major events of American history within a chronological framework. Several historical themes are developed throughout the course to gain understanding of the cumulative impact of past events on present life and issues. Some themes include the impact of changing technology, American culture, ethnic diversity, religious movements, economic and political development. Meets two periods per day.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

315 Introduction to Peacebuilding

11-12

Lancaster

This course focuses on the theory and basic concepts of conflict and conflict transformation. Topics include the psychology of peace and conflict; Biblical foundations of conflict transformation; conflict resolution skills of mediation, negotiation, and restorative justice; nonviolent struggle and social movements in history; and international peacemaking and peacebuilding.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

*316 Honors Sociology

11-12

Lancaster

This college level introductory sociology course examines the interaction of people within social structure of modern society. The class covers patterns of social interaction and social influences on individual conduct. Emphasis will be given to the various institutions within modern society along with social stratification both within the United States and the global community. This college-level introductory sociology course will be geared toward preparing students to take and pass the College Board's College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) test to acquire college placement.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

*317/318 Advanced Placement World History

10-12

Lancaster

This college-level World history course prepares students to take the advanced placement test for college credit. The course highlights the nature of changes in international frameworks and their causes and consequences, as well as comparisons among major societies. This results in a more holistic, systematic, and global view of history. The course offers balanced global coverage with Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe each represented. This year-long class incorporates content from the required 9th grade social studies course, Global Studies, and the required 10th grade course, Recent World History. Sophomores may take this course in place of Global Studies and Recent World History. This is a weighted class.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

Yearlong

323 Economics

12

Lancaster

This course focuses on fundamental economic concepts affecting individuals and the whole economy. Comparing economic systems helps students to understand the foundations of the nation’s economy. Economics concerns situations in which choices must be made about how to use scarce resources, current economic issues, the role of government, stewardship of resources, international trade and global economics are all aspects of the course. Economics classes organize to invest in the stock market and to give profits to worthy organizations.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

*328/329 Advanced Placement Comparative Government and Politics

12

Lancaster

This college level year-long Government and Politics course prepares students to take the Advanced Placement test for college credit. The course provides a cross-national perspective on the government, politics and economics of contemporary nations such as the United States, the European Union, Britain, Mexico, China, Russia, Nigeria, Iran, and others as needed. Special emphasis will also be given to the topic of Christian citizenship. This is a weighted class. This course meets the economics requirement for graduation.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

Yearlong

*331 Advanced Placement Psychology

11-12

Lancaster

This college level introductory psychology course is designed to introduce the systematic and scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of human beings and other animals. Included is a consideration of the psychological facts, principles, and phenomena associated with each of the major subfields within psychology. Students also learn about the ethics and methods psychologists use in their science and practice. This is a weighted class.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

2nd semester

*333 Advanced Placement U.S. History

11

Lancaster

This college-level U.S. history course prepares students to take the Advanced Placement test for college credit. The purpose of this course is to increase students' understanding of United States history from 1700 to 1975. Areas of concentration include political, economic and social history. This is a weighted class. Students may register to receive college credit for this course from Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC) by paying a fee based on current HACC rates. Meets two periods per day.

Credits -

1.0

Duration -

1st semester

336 World Religions

11-12

Lancaster

This is an online dual enrollment course with Eastern Mennonite University. This college level course is a survey of the major religions of our world: Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. In looking at each religion, we will explore its origin, its historical/social context, its founders and important figures, its scriptures, its cosmology, its wisdoms (philosophical and theological ideas), its teachings for living in the world, and its vision of and for humanity. This course will begin with an exploration into the nature of religious consciousness which human beings seem to have and a closer look at the key components of this consciousness: myth, symbol, and ritual as they structure our personal and social reality. Students must register with EMU and pay a fee for 3 college credits and technology.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

339 Individual and Family Studies/Personal Finance

Required Course

12

Lancaster

This course examines, from a faith perspective, the family as an important social institution and explores personal finance. Some areas of study include; managing conflict; marriage and family; divorce and family; and family violence. Personal finance topics include financial responsibility and decision making, planning and money management, stewardship, budgeting and charitable giving, credit and debt, and savings and investing.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester

Experiences in Technology Education help students understand how to use knowledge, skills, materials and tools to solve problems and increase the potential of what they can do. Students learn within the context of Christian principles that emphasize wise use of resources, responsible applications of technology and innovative ways of using technology to benefit humanity.

337 Technology & Design

9-12

Lancaster

This course is an overview of technology and its impact on our lives--past, present and future. The course includes hands-on activities, lab demonstrations, small group work, and class discussions. Wood is the primary material used. The technological method of designing, building, testing, evaluating, and applying is integrated into the course. Students will pay for materials used.

Credits -

.5

Duration -

1st or 2nd semester